Solamids and Present Pricing Systems

The Obsolete Price System grew out of the days of scarcity when trading or stealing materials was the main way to acquire things required.

This pricing system is overwhelming finance, commerce and politics.

The Price System, however gigantic is but a method of goods exchange birthing from ancient customs and barter.

No pretense is made of accurate measurement; no physical accounting; accurate predictions cannot be made, stabilization cannot be assured.

The Price System as an exchange method. Sufficed fairly well in scarity, in abundance it cannot even do that. The dislocation of the exchange method is apparent

Why stick with the war, the poverty, the misery, the waste, the crime, the disease, and the corruption which the Price System spawns?

Common denominators are energy (Solamids), trust (repuCurrents), action results (CollabraCurrents), Reserve Currents.

Solamid measure the total amount of energy used in a given period is our base of valuation. 

Tools to gain Whole Benefits as holo’distributed flow lines.

Abundance certain make possible a balanced load.

Scale registration of all goods and services, produced, and used.

Registration of optimal consumption of each individual, record and description of the individual.

Widest latitude in consuming individual share of physical wealth.

Distribute abundantly to entire Global Wholomid.

Consider what we term fiat money or fiat or as termed here Pyramoney as a
medium of distribution.

What’s the properties of fiat? Relationships rooted in the function of scarcity. Fiat doesn’t measure anything.

Fiat is a debt claim against society valid in the hands of any bearer. It is negotiable.  

Can be saved. Circulates so not destroyed upon being spent unlike coupons. Fiat fails to meet requirements as a medium of distribution. Fiat is a species of debt and the cumulative amounts have to be continuously increased, in conjunction with being negotiable leads to control concentration to a few and a disruption of the equitable distribution.

Commodity valuations are the basis of money and is a Price System. So not
possible to maintain full abundance by means of a Price System.

Solamids can be used in this emerging era of abundance being speeded up by automation and AI. Solamids provides the accounting means for each individual to express individual preference as to what he wants of the products capable of producing. That is its function–to record the demand for goods and services and, thereby, to determine the amount to be produced. Applying one measuring device, production and consumption can be balanced and social harmony opened.

Real vote is in purchasing power. We buy we vote.

Wholonomics reduces need of social work and charity, can reduce socially destructive creations to a fraction of what exists now.

What is the Whole?

Definitions of Wholeness

 Definition of ‘Wholeness’ According to the Miriam Webster Dictionary – The condition of being sound in body. The quality or state of being without restriction, exception, or qualification. (A noun)  Antonyms: imperfection, unsoundness

A Biblical Definition of ‘Wholeness’ – The state of being perfectly well in body, soul (mind, will and emotions) and spirit. Complete sanctification and restoration. God’s original design for man before sin entered the world, and now attainable only when one’s body is in heaven after the second coming of Jesus. (A noun)




Synonyms and Antonyms of wholeness

1the condition of being sound in body

  • young people who don’t appreciate their wholeness and youthfulness while they have it

Synonyms of wholeness

fitnesshealthhealthinessheartinessrobustnesssapsoundnesswellnesswholesomenessWords Related to wholeness






wealwelfarewell-beingNear Antonyms of wholeness


ailmentconditiondiseasedisordermaladytroubleAntonyms of wholeness

illnesssicknessunhealthinessunsoundness2the quality or state of being without restriction, exception, or qualification

  • The wholeness of my faith in our new governor is not lessened by these early missteps.

Synonyms of wholeness

absolutenesscompletenessentirenessentiretyfullnessperfectnessWords Related to wholeness


all-inclusivenesscomprehensivenessexhaustivenessextensivenessinclusivenesssoundnessthoroughnessNear Antonyms of wholeness


limitednessnarrownesspatchinesssketchinessAntonyms of wholeness


Wholeness Quotes

Perceiving the constant, dynamic creativity of presence displaying the richness and color of all manifestation, we see that everything is unified, making up a harmonious whole. The underlying presence—a non-dual medium —unifies its various manifestations in a wholeness that cannot be imagined in an ordinary state of mind. In normal experience we perceive inner forms as objects, separate from each other and existing in some unobservable way in the mind, the body, or the self. Discrete thoughts seem unconnected to the body; feelings are connected only through association; images in the mind seem to pop up from nowhere. This experience is fragmented compared to the awareness of unity. In full self-realization we not only experience our essential nature—the primordial presence; we also experience the wholeness of the self; nothing is excluded. This integration is not mental, nor is it a product of integrating separate objects. We merely perceive ourselves as we are, in our totality and wholeness.

Notes on Wholonomic and Pyranomic Language

 “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was Coherent” This is where creation begins. We speak with Words, as Vibrational signals we each originate.

Born are plasmic vibrations of a primordial signal. Everything is essentially inter-connected with vibrational presence energy. Verbal language can’t convey these realities. But it can convey other things only in this unique way. The design of a token for example.

Words have power whether spoken or not. Language has been pre-designed to hinder certain concept recognitions. Thus we cycle the recycled through generations of entrenched languages roots lost in ancientness.

Understanding of Language itself has been veiled.  Language is an Original Principle from the Original Source. Language does not have to hinder us. It can liberate us

We write to describe what it is like it’s to fully experience psychedelic, kundalini and peak experiences with limitations and restrictions

Most of humanity are not full participants in potentiality of life, watching others play life out on a flat screen in their home living boring (in) significance free existences.

Language Separates from chopping upand imposing false limiting experiential reality.

This is a much more powerful language, and guess who speaks it? The Pyrasites controllers.

The word logos literally means “word” in Greek. Symbols are the language of the Pyrarchy. Whether formed as corporations, political parties, military branches, banks, sports teams, clubs or secret societies,.

Logo power symbols throughout history to impose and perpetuate certain ideas and goals

Signs and symbols rule the world, not words nor laws.


Indigenous Languages

indigenous speech is more musical sounding quality greater use of tones and breath. conveys not only concepts but spirit and deeper awareness.

Native Americans use rich sounds and picture words with inherent respect and reverence for nature and the Universe

built into their language, through analogies and metaphors shared interaction with the natural world around. 

You hardly have to know what the words mean.

Listen to the late Native American elder Red Crow at the end of this clip when he sings a Native American blessing.

Pyranomic Manipulation

The controllers’ cleverly craft effective tools of mental and spiritual containment and limitation

Keeping world blinded to our true identity and infinite potential.

the Lie over humanity is reinforced by our poor, limiting manipulated language, vocabulary, structure and tools.

weapons of expression we have, our  enlightening vocabulary purposefully stripped in their campaigns to dumb down, disempower and spiritually blind the world’s citizenry.

Words have imbued power They allow us to recollect the world, our true potential of expression.

tools handed down are relatively primitive tending to limit conscious awareness.

Pyranomic engineers have been replacing enlightening ideas and concepts with moronic epithets,

taking acute and illuminating words away through oversimplification, repetition of crude concept mantras, and starvation through omission.

We learn to repeatedly use the same forms of expression and descriptions in this form called language. We’re inescapably corralled into a society of similarly communicating beings who speak the same way with the same formulated ideas following the same trends.

This society inevitably subjects you to information through education and popular media using the same conceptual ideas and methods of communication. This becomes your inherent language tool.And we’re seemingly stuck with it. Or so they would have us think.

Where Are We on the Communication Evolutionary Scale?

Are we able to express what we’re really trying to communicate, or are we being limited in our ability to experience due to the lack of latitude our language allows?

communicating much more wholly, efficiently and dare I say, spiritually, with expanded resonating sounds and intimacy bordering on the intuitive or telepathy? Some already are.

These are huge concepts, that liberate the mind to freely roam consciousness for how the collective chemistry of the Universe works. It’s open, inspiring and liberating.

“The archetype is like a black hole in space: You only know its there by how it draws matter and light to itself”. Source

Wholo’teams are vehicles to express and explore wholeness

We can bring everything

Wisdom traditions from around the world speak to this from a deeper level: at heart, we are all profoundly interconnected and part of a whole, but it’s a truth we have forgotten.

We are born into separation and raised to feel divided from our deeper nature, as well as from the people and life around us.

Our deepest calling in life  is to reclaim wholeness, within and in our connection with the outside world. create a space that supports us to wholeness. Extraordinary things happen when we bring all of who we are.

Leave a part and we cut ourselves from our potential, of our creativity and energy. \

Otherwise somehow lifeless. In wholeness we are life-full. much more life there is in us than we ever imagined. In our relationships much of what made the workplace unpleasant and inefficient vanishes;

work becomes a vehicle where we help each other reveal our inner greatness and manifest our calling

develop set of practices to reclaim our inner wholeness bring all of who we are.


Self-management helping us show up more fully.  no scarce promotions, no bosses to please, and no adversaries to elbow aside, much of the political poison is drained out of organizations.

Without a boss looking over our shoulder, without employees to keep in line and peers that could turn into competitors, we can finally let our guard down and simply focus on the work we want to do.[3]

Safe and supportive environment

an environment support each other in their inner work while doing the outer work. every time our fears get triggered is an opportunity to learn and grow into more wholeness, reclaiming aspects of ourselves that we have neglected or pushed into the shadows.

if we are to invite all of who we are to show up,  we need to create safe and caring spaces. learn to discern and be mindful of the subtle ways our words and actions undermine safety and trust in a community of colleagues.

Explicit ground rules

spend significant time and energy training everybody in ground rules that support healthy and productive collaboration. writing down these ground rules in a document.

RHD has its detailed Bill of Rights and Responsibilities;

Morning Star its documents called Organizational Vision, Colleague Principles, and Statement of General Business Philosophy;

FAVI has its fiches, and

Holacracy its Constitution. These documents provide a vision for a safe and productive workplace. They give colleagues a vocabulary to discuss healthy relationships, and they draw lines that separate recommended from unacceptable behaviors.[5]

Reflective spaces

collective moments for self-reflection through practices such as group coaching, team supervision, large-group reflections, and days of silence.[6] SeeTraining and Coaching.


want workplaces of trust,  deep, rich, and meaningful relationships,  reveal more of who we are. the essential element we have used to build community and create shared narratives since the dawn of time: the practice of storytelling. We have lost track of the power of stories to bring us together, and in the process, we have let communal relations dwindle and erode. We need to recover the power of storytelling, as author Parker Palmer tells us:[7]

The more you know about another person’s journey, the less possible it is to distrust or dislike that person. Want to know how to build relational trust? Learn more about each other. Learn it through simple questions that can be tucked into the doing of work, creating workplaces that not only employ people but honor the soul in the process.[8]


Teal organizations typically have instituted specific meeting practices to help participants keep their egos in check and interact with each other from a place of wholeness. Some are very simple, while others much more elaborate. At Sounds True, every meeting starts with a minute of silence to help people ground themselves in the moment. Many Teal companies start meetings with a round of check-in and finish with a round of check-out.[9]See Meetings.

Managing Conflict

It’s easy in our relationships with colleagues to fall prey to our desire to please or to impress, to be liked, or to dominate. We easily intrude on others or let them intrude on us. Our soul knows the right boundaries, and sometimes it tells us we need conflict to set them in the right place. Without conflict, we can be over-accommodating or over-protective, and in both cases, we stop being true to ourselves when interacting with colleagues. Teal organizations have developed specific practices to identify and resolve conflict.[10] See Conflict resolution.

Physical Spaces

Personal development

Through these practices, a safe space is created. Then, each person is responsible to follow his/her own process of self–awareness and personal development. The daily practices that Teal organization offer, such as reflective space, storytelling, meetings without ego and conflict resolution methodologies, are the tools each person has available to define and follow his way. And only in this process of matching such an organizational approach with the individual’s responsibility for self-growth, can self-management and listening to purpose flouri

  1. 1. Organizing in the 21st century Towards a new paradigm
  2. 2. Two existing paradigms The organization as machine The organization as family
  3. 3. The organization as living system
  4. 4. The organization as living system Living systems have the innate capacity to sense changes in their environment and to adapt from within Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  5. 5. 3 principles: • Self-management • Wholeness • Evolutionairy purpose Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  6. 6. Self-management • No hierarchy/control, or consensus but… • Everyone has the level of power necessary for their job • Clear structures • Capacity building for conflict resolving and decision- making • No functions but roles • Transparancy Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  7. 7. Wholeness • In many organizations people are ‘surviving’, but… • Take your professional masks off • Show your whole self with all your human traits • The workplace respects the human scale • Wholeness and diversity: masculine and feminine, reason and intuition Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  8. 8. Evolutionairy purpose • The organization is not a holding or a collection of people, but… • The organization has its own evolutionary purpose • Listen to what it wants to become • Follow the natural development Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  9. 9. Which basic assumptions do we have? • Workers are lazy. If they are not watched, they will not work diligently. • Workers work primarily for money. • Workers are not capable of making good decisions about important matters that affect the economic performance of the company. Bosses are good at making these decisions. • Workers put their own interest ahead of what is best for the organization. They are selfish. • Workers need care and protection, just as children need the care of their parents. • Workers need to be told what to do, when to do it, and how to do it. Bosses need to hold them accountable. • Managers are out there to control workers. • Managers are motivated by promotion and bonuses. • Managers don’t know what’s happening in the organisation. • Managers work primarily for money. • Managers are egoistic and selfish. • Managers only look at the short term. • Managers need to have all information in order to make good decisions. Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  10. 10. Which assumption do you have yourself? • Fear, control, scarcity Or • Abundance, trust
  11. 11. “There are not problems waiting to be solved but potential waiting to be unfolded” * “It will be painful” “Work with people who are ready for it” *Source: Frederic Laloux, Reinventing Organisations (2014)
  12. 12. Contact me for more information or start a conversation E-mail: Phone: +31 6 22614208
  13. 13. A few people can build a bridge that can be walked on by many

More on Wholonomic Cosmology

Was there really a “Big Bang” that started the Universe?

I am using the term “quantum cosmology” to best describe the theory that everything ultimately originates from vast fluctuations of quantum (or dark) energy within the endless oneness of eternal space. What is dark energy and what is its significance? What exactly is dark matter? Was there really a “Big Bang” that started the universe? If not, what really created it? Is there really a God and if so, what exactly is this Creator? What is all matter really made of? These and other profound questions of the Universe will be seriously discussed and hopefully answered to your complete satisfaction.

Astronomers say dark energy comprises 70% of the universe, while 26% is dark matter (90% of all matter in the universe) and only the remaining 4% is actual physical matter we are all so familiar with. Dark energy makes itself known as an inflationary force related to the Casimir effect that creates massive voids of ever-expanding space throughout the cosmos between galaxies resulting in some sort of vast, universal, eternal texture of foam. These massive cells of quantum energy “bubble up” as countless trillions and trillions of pairs of virtual particles constantly blinking in an out of existence as they are created and annihilate each other resulting in an infinite sea of energy. Could more permanent particles (such as hydrogen atoms) be created from this ocean of energy from the occasional asymmetric particle formation? According to this article, only one atom every 5 billion years per cubic meter of space would be needed to create one new galaxy per year in the entire universe.

Ubiquitous dark energy, also known as vacuum or zero point energy seems to act in a way that is opposite to or counterbalances gravity and is so much like a universal creative force quite similar to what many religions would call an aspect of God. Could so-called dark energy, especially when it merges with living systems, be experienced as prana, vital energy, bioplasma, chi, shakti, lifetrons, life force energy, the Om sound, Shabad, and the Holy Spirit?


Cosmology, Dark Energy and Dark Matter in the News
Cosmology         Black Holes         Dark Energy         Dark Matter
Expanding Universe           NASA Telescope           Quantum Physics


(Ad) Cosmology from… Consciousness

I guarantee you will see the universe in a way you’ve never seen it before! The following alternative cosmology articles came from a period of over thirty-seven years of deep contemplation on the nature of reality starting in 1975. They contain my best insights on creation including a compendium of compatible alternative cosmological concepts regarding the formation of the universe and the creation of reality. Most scientific thinking today still revolves around the idea that reality is structured independent of our consciousness and that all thoughts, feelings and consciousness are strictly artifacts of the human brain. However, a vast assortment of life’s deepest mysteries could never, ever be solved by assuming that consciousness has nothing to do with “external” reality.



The Theory of “Quantum Cosmology” Assumes Baryonic Matter Might Come from Dark Matter which in Turn Comes from Dark Energy

Considering the infinite amounts of dark energy that must exist in the endless voids of space, all kinds of strange, exotic particles must have formed by random chance (and there is an infinity of opportunities). Only an occasional “asymmetric” virtual particle formation in every cubic meter of space throughout the history of the universe would be needed to create enough baryonic matter to build an entire 100 billion galaxy universe.

Even vaster, more complex universes of dark matter may have been created directly from dark energy, because the particles of dark matter could be of an even finer vibration much closer to the “quantum vibration” of dark energy. In fact dark matter may simply be a heavier form or residue of dark energy rather like a “foam” that forms from the constant bombardment of quantum waves throughout the ocean of space. Is not matter made from energy anyway?

There is much less physical (baryonic) matter than dark matter, because the physical vibration is so much coarser than that of the vibration of dark energy. Only the most elementary baryonic particles need to be produced by dark energy, starting with the energy patterns of dark matter, then quarks and similar particles, which in turn form electrons, protons, neutrons, etc., that ultimately come together to form the lightest elements and eventually stars, galaxies, etc. Another even more amazing possibility is that entire atoms previously formed in the dark matter state could be dropping out from “nowhere” simply by decaying into a lower vibrational state!

Entire galaxies of dark matter are perhaps being constantly created from dark energy, which in turn gradually “decompose” into galaxies of ordinary matter but still surrounded by mostly dark matter which may also act as a “template” for the structure of whatever galaxy or galaxies it happens to form. Smaller galaxies may have much more dark matter around them than larger, more developed galaxies if this theory is correct. Knowing that everything in the universe seems to come from finely dispersed plasmas (rather than large chunks of matter) that ultimately condense into countless solar systems, it then becomes quite easy to see how everything ultimately comes from the vast reaches of dark-energy saturated space.

Our “baryonic” matter universe may have been created along with many other forms of matter of an enormous range of frequencies higher than our universe: dark matter (or the realms of astral matter not yet accepted by mainstream science). At least scientists know that “something” (dark matter) is needed to exist to provide the essential gravity lurking between the stars to hold galaxies together, otherwise they would fly apart at the rates they spin. Whether they like it of not, mainstream scientists will someday have to accept the existence of astral matter which I am positively certain exists because of my own personal experiences, and other undeniable evidence.


Is Bashar’s Solar System One of Billions Created from Dark Matter?
Bashar (channeled) is from Essassani, the “Place of Living Light” 300 years in our future, 500 light years toward the Orion Constellation. He is genetically related to humans. In another video (which unfortunately and to my great chagrin was removed), Bashar described his amazing solar system in breathtaking scientific clarity and detail.



Dark Matter Really Astral Matter? Can Dark Energy be Seen by Mystics?

I believe that dark matter is astral matter and that dark energy is the prime source of all energy and is already a kind of “matter” in the form of virtual particle/anti-particle pairs constantly forming by the trillions in every cubic centimeter of space and almost always annihilating one another as soon as they are formed creating some sort of expansive energy in the process.

Space is not really empty, but is, in fact, an ocean of (zero point) energy; if space was absolutely empty, light would not exist at all, some medium of energy would be needed to carry it. Because dark energy reminds me (as stated previously) of some Hindu yogi concepts such as prana and shakti, I believe both concepts are of the same phenomenon perceived as a beautiful, shimmering, sparkling luminescence by anyone sensitive enough to see it. Those having near-death experiences often see luminous sources of white light as they merge into and become one with a whole luminous environment inhabited with loving and highly knowledgeable beings of light. I am not the first to say this, astral travelers such as William Buhlman, author of Adventures Beyond the Body and The Secret of the Soul stated that dark matter is astral matter.

As with astral matter, dark matter is also invisible to all the physical telescopes, cameras and other sensitive instruments used by NASA to try and track it down, yet, just like what mystics have always stated regarding astral matter, it comprises most of the matter in the universe. Furthermore, even though it (dark matter) consists of 90% of all the matter in the universe, no scientist or astronomer knows exactly what it is really made of! Learn more about dark matter here and about how its properties are like astral matter here.

All physical objects are given their “solidity” by quantum energy through vibration rate matching. In other words, if the quantum vibration rate of one’s electrons did not match the quantum vibration in the electrons of the object one tries to pick up, it could not be felt or picked up, in fact in most cases not even be visible. One’s hand would simply go right through it!

And what exactly is dark matter? Dark matter is material created from higher frequencies of light than physical matter, and therefore interacts only with matter of its own frequency, and not our frequency. To us it acts as a sort of “ghost” material which cannot be seen, felt nor touched, etc., by any of the physical five senses. It does, however emit gravity, and therefore only its gravitational effects can be “seen” or detected. The physical universe (near the lowest end of the frequency spectrum) is only a tiny fraction of all that actually exists. In addition to the physical universe, I am quite sure that vast amounts of this dark matter (and possibly dark energy as well) are organized into an enormous spectrum consisting of, in order from low to highest frequency: semi-physical, astral, causal and spiritual universes. If you are not sure that higher vibrational (exotic) forms of matter exist, I highly recommend you study the following six websites. They have sufficient information and direct recorded afterlife evidence of vast worlds in spacial alignment with our own except on various levels of vibration out of phase from the physical universe.

The Astonishing Revelations of Bashar – An extraterrestrial describes in detail his native astral solar system.

Connecting to the Reality of the Afterlife – Astonishing details of astral worlds we will all live in after death.

A Lawyer Presents the Case for the Afterlife – Convincing evidence of an afterlife beyond a shadow of a doubt.

Near Death Experiences and the Afterlife – Experiences provide startling details of a universe beyond this one.

Afterlife Communication – Craig Hogan presents direct voice recorded evidence of the reality of the afterlife.

Leslie Flint Paranormal Direct Voice Recordings – Astonishing recorded evidence of worlds beyond our own.


Dark matter is the material that makes up all of the galaxies, stars, planets and heavens of the afterlife. In other words, there are whole non-physical universes out there that we cannot see that are far vaster and far more glorious than our own! Even if they knew, mainstream astronomers cannot say exactly what this dark matter is for fear of losing their jobs! Such is the sad state of mainstream closed-minded, materialistic skepticism. Of course it may be hard to prove at this time that dark matter is in fact astral matter unless one can either astral travel, have a near-death experience, or confer directly with a bona-fide spiritualist medium.

What is the UFO phenomenon and where do most of the unidentified objects in the sky come from? Many civilizations are visiting us from these realms of dark matter but they have to calibrate their vibration rate just for us to see them as strange objects and/or lights in the sky that quickly disappear back into their natural invisible or “dark matter” state. Sometimes they can land, but only for a short time. The universe is teaming with life, but most of it exists on planets of a higher level of vibration (where living conditions are far more ideal) than our own. UFO’s from higher vibrational realms of matter are not science fiction, but absolute fact, which have been confirmed several times over through the Leslie Flint paranormal voice recordings and other sources. UFO sightings are almost commonplace.

“Quantum Cosmolgy” Describes A Universe Supported by Dark Energy and Designed by Vast Streams of Electrified Plasma

There may not be a need for a “Big Bang” to explain creation. There is already more than enough evidence in various fields of science to at least require some modification of that theory. For example, there should be more than enough of that ubiquitous dark (zero point) energy saturating every cubic centimeter of space to create and permanently maintain quite a robust, perfectly flat, ever-expanding universe with a very smooth back-ground radiation.

The universe appears to be expanding as part of a huge recycling process where everything in it eventually accelerates out to infinity while new particles in the form of vast, electrically energized streams of plasmas created by dark matter from zero point energy produce new galaxies in the place of older ones. As the universe expands, new galaxies that form from dark matter replace the older ones in “waves” or “phases” of creation. This is not a simple process, it is quite a complex and dynamic modus operandi, and black holes may play an essential role in the on-going creation, organization, destruction and preservation of galaxies.

99.999% of the visible matter in the universe consists of plasmas shaped by tremendous electrical and magnetic forces that are billions of times stronger than gravity. In addition to plasma’s profoundly universal electrical effects, other discoveries in the field of quantum physics along with the possible influences of vast quasars (black holes) and parallel universes (the multiverse) will also force cosmologists to completely alter their present “Big Bang” theory.

The vast areas of space between the galactic clusters may be expanding, but the galactic clusters themselves are not, especially where the quasars are, which are massive, illuminating black holes. There are two perfectly balanced forces that dominate and design our flat universe: an expansive force (dark energy) and a contracting force (gravity) that, when the etire universe’s quantities of each are combined, cancel each other out perfectly, leaving the net result of absolute zero. This “cosmological” result makes excellent sense, because, in reality, one has nothing to start out with in the first place, and “something” is only created when we have “local” aberations experienced from our own relative perspective.

There are countless black holes within entire galaxies far older than 13 billion years and vast structures far too close to the “beginning of time” to have been created in less than 13 billion years. These and other observations such as finding galaxies much further apart than their velocity of recession would allow within the 13.7 billion-year time limit, makes it harder and harder to explain how the universe could have started from a single point just 13.7 billion years ago. If there was a “beginning” it would have to consist of a much broader “start” involving an overall change in the condition of space itself such as a vast stage of particle creation and conjugation throughout the entire universe.

The two plasma globes in this photo each portray a miniature universe in a bottle. Streams of electricity, along with the help of gravity, concentrate plasma into stars. In a similar way, entire galaxies are created, but from plasmas on a much vaster scale. The entire cosmos from star formation, to galaxy formation and even the largest structures of the universe such as the vast walls of the filamentary superclusters seem to be formed from giant currents coursing through massive areas of ionized gas or plasma.


I Envision a Dynamic Universe in a Constant State of Change, Evolution and New Growth

Rather than simply accepting that all creation somehow exploded out of a single point of extreme density, I prefer to think that the entire universe is more like a boiling cauldron “heated” by dark energy from five-dimensional space and shaped by vast electrified streams of plasma along an even vaster “template” of dark matter. No “Big Bang” is needed to explain why distant galaxies are moving away from each other, because a vastly expanded “Casimir effect” of dark energy (space naturally emits a positive outflow of virtual particles from quantum energy everywhere) is enough to explain why this continuous inflation of space, or more specifically, a universal increase in the distance between galactic clusters is happening, has always happened, and always will happen acting as a perfect counterbalance to gravity and possibly forming new particles by the trillions of trillions.

Is the Universe Infinite or Finite?

The universe is both finite and infinite. The multiverse (this universe and all others) may be infinite in its theoretical domain yet finite in how it can be observed or experienced, because the most distant galaxies’ red-shifts would become too great to be detected by anything and therefore be “lost” forever over the cosmic horizon as new matter from particles created by the vacuum (dark) energy replaces them.

In a sense, the cosmic horizon is like a massive event horizon of a black hole, where the red-shift becomes infinite and time comes to a complete stop. That is exactly what happens at the edge of the universe; time, relatively speaking, comes to a complete stop, but not from “their” viewpoint at the edge of the visible universe, but from our viewpoint, and nothing more from their section of the universe can be experienced from our viewpoint. The energy from these most distant objects are not lost, however, it transfers back into the visible universe in the form of dark energy in a similar way that black holes transmit energy back into space when objects enter their event horizons.

The beginning of time indeed will be found at the “edge” of space, but it may not be in the form of a “Big Bang” but rather in the likeness of a massive, inside-out (or inverted?) “singularity” where time slows down to a crawl, and then further out, phases out completely where everything recedes at the speed of light, and therefore disappears forever.

As telescopes become vaster and vaster in size, their resolution of finer and finer objects in deeper and deeper reaches of space will reveal stranger forms of matter, and weirder structures of types of galaxies never before conceived of or seen. This ever increasing level of “strangeness” will happen because the further one looks back toward the cosmic horizon, the more perpendicular is one’s line of sight to the arrow of time so that distance becomes time. One will literally peer down the cosmic well of time itself, into a higher dimension of reality, where time no longer inches forward, and only probability of motion exists. The universe at such vast distances will look more like a random series of probabilities rather than a logical series of events. What one will ultimately see is a quantum “foasm” of five-dimensional space emitting holographic patterns of radiation at all different frequencies.

What Exactly is Space and Matter?

Space is not empty! Space is actually one single universal fabric of pure quantum energy which becomes “solid” and vibrates like a bell when acted upon at the speed of light. Space is a single, universal substance, membrane, or “particle” of a complex multi-dimensional geometry that not only transmits photons in a similar way electricity is transmitted down a wire, but also when slightly geometrically modified, instantly becomes the essence of atomic particles which are the building blocks of atoms. In other words, all energy (which matter is made of) is a multidimensional, geometric modification of space! Everything is made from space! Because matter really is nothing more than a complex five-dimensional “wave” or change in the geometry of space-time trapped within a multidimensional force field, I don’t see why the concept of matter being created from the nearly infinite amounts of quantum vacuum energy in all of space would be considered such an unlikely event, especially when compared to a “Big Bang” out of nothing, which indeed would have to be extremely unlikely!

Does not Time Ever Run Down?

Time seems to run down locally, but on the whole, it never runs down. The overall energy economy of the universe remains at a constant net balance of zero, and it is only the local quantum variations or fluctuations from both sides (+ and -) of this value that creates all the energy in existence, which, on the whole, never runs down. Because our universe exists in a “polarized” space, time only tends to move forward, never backwards, and has no beginning or end, even though local parts of the unvierse do seem to “begin” at some point in the past and “fizzle out” at some point in the future.

Energy is not something that the universe as a whole can only create so much of then eventually runs out of. Nature is energy. No energy is ever lost, only transfered from one system to another. Energy or time can only run down within the space-time continuum, but never outside of it. The original source of all energy is quantum energy, a universal substance of subatomic influence in five dimensions, beyond all thermodynamic limitations of entropy.

Theories of the Universe: An Overview of The “Big Bang” and Alternative Cosmologies

Instead of repeating the entire history of “Big Bang” cosmology and alternative speculations on this page, I am providing links to an excellent website that I believe explains cosmology quite well in a few brief pages:

Scientific Origins of the Universe

Bang That Drum

A Big Bang Alternative

The Accelerating Universe

Plasma Cosmology

The Standard Model

The Alpha and the Omega

It’s Out of Control

The Continuous Creation Process

Curvature Cosmology – David F. Crawford

Big Bang Cosmology Meets an Astronomical Death

My Own Interpretation: Multi-Phase Creation Cosmology

A “7 Up” Universe that Runs on Free Energy!

The visible universe exists in a continuous state of growth and change as immense voids “bubble up” between vast “walls” of filamentary superclusters consisting of numerous galaxies and quasars all with massive black holes lurking at their centers. New cells would constantly be created in these ever expanding voids with this energy collapsing or concentrating back into itself in the form of mostly dark matter and then a small amount of physical matter which would follow the dark matter “template.” Because particles of dark matter are much finer than particles of baryonic matter, they are much more likely to come from dark energy, explaining why there is so much more dark matter than baryonic matter in the universe.

In these vast voids of dark energy between galaxies, trillions of asymmetric virtual particles would “bubble up” from space itself, creating vast, but very, very tenuous streams of dark matter particles and then some physcial matter particles that may eventually form into subatomic particles such as neutrons (not to be confused with the trillions of nearly massless neutrinos that emanate from stars) or rivers of electrically charged particles of plasma swirling down into galaxies where it condenses into vast star-building nebulae. Such huge electrically charged rivers of plasma have been found all over the universe. Conventional astronomers assume these neutron streams came from the “Big Bang.” Along with dark matter, these currents of plasma create massive filaments which form the backbone of galaxy creation. Countless stars are created from these massive and ever present cosmic streams of charged particles most of which are quite invisible but can be detected at various microwave frequencies. Some of the oldest stars and the most massive new stars would form into black holes which in turn would give off more vast streams of charged particles through its intensely concentrated magnetic poles while giving off Hawking radiation before eventually evaporating back into the rest of the universe. The eternal cycles of preservation, destruction and creation are therefore repeated throughout all existence!

One Way that Matter and Energy in the Universe Is Being Recycled!
This clip from a BBC documentary explains Hawking radiation around black holes–how radiation can be created out of “nothing” and how black holes may not be the end of the universe, but just the beginning.


Are New Worlds Being Created from Natural Particle Accelerators?

Could new hydrogen atoms also form from the vast streams of plasma particles accelerated out from massive electrical/magnetic energy vortices (magnetic poles) piercing the center of vast black holes or quasars? If so, such hydrogen atoms would eventually concentrate into nebulae, stars and ultimately, form whole new worlds.

Contracting and Expanding Forces in a Dynamic Equilibrium

There may be a constant balance of expansion, creation, contraction, and recycling of old matter into new particles through the formation of energy vortices or black holes. There may therefore be a dynamic universal balance or relationship between dark energy, black holes, and the creation of new matter. It may very well be that the contracting energy of black holes and other gravitational sources are dynamically and universally balanced by the ever expanding and all pervading influence of dark energy.

Super Massive Black Holes Reside in Every Galaxy Give Off Massive Amounts of Radiation

There is much evidence to support the idea that most galaxies, including our own Milky Way galaxy, must have at their centers super massive black holes in the order of millions of solar masses. It has been known for a long time that quasars are most likely new galaxies yet to mature into full spiral and other types of galaxies as they go through their evolutionary stages.

Black holes tend not to be “black” at all; they often, in various strange ways, seem to emit all sorts of particles and types of radiation. One medium sized black hole, for instance, gives off X-rays 260 million times brighter than the radiation from the sun even though it is only 500 times its mass. Generally, the multi-million solar mass black holes seem to “create” out of absolutely nothing entire galactic formations around their equators as massive rings of glowing stars and bands of opaque gaseous nebulae. Of course, most of the matter seen or detected may simply be originating from an outside source as gravity pulls it in.

“Alpha Omega” Black Holes Recycle “Old Matter” back into New Particles of Dark Energy Throughout the “White Hole” of all Surrounding Space

Black holes, often thought as being a location in space where all time ends, seem to act also as its own beginning similar in fashion to the Christian “Alpha and Omega” or “the First and the Last.” If there is an end to time, it may be in a black hole, while its beginning may be found wherever dark energy brings forth new matter. Scientists have often wondered what happens to the energy of a substance that gets lost forever down a black hole or gravity well. The universe is filled with massive black holes and other sources of gravity. The energy that is lost in the attraction of gravity is always sent back out into the surrounding space as quantum particles of dark energy, a sort of universal or collective “white hole” for all of the black holes in the universe. The black hole singularity is a way that all “old” matter at its ultimate point of final entropy (end of its time) is recycled back into particles of dark energy throughout the universal “white hole” of deep space.

Black Holes Represent an Amazing Spectrum of the most Violent Extremes of the Universe and Are Points of Conjunction or Unification of All the Main Forces of Nature

What I see in black holes is a profoundly significant conjunction of all the main forces of the universe: such as gravity (centripetal), dark energy (expansive), magnetism, nuclear, centrifugal, and most significantly, quantum or zero point energy. In other words, a black hole could be a dynamic, matter creating, cosmic engine powered by the vast amounts of quantum or zero point energy naturally present throughout the universe. Black holes are generally single, extremely massive particles or “holes” of timeless quantum (five-dimensional) space (often of around hundreds of millions of solar masses) bordered by an event horizon and having a huge rate of spin, creating an ergosphere where it is theoretically possible for massive amounts of energy and matter to emerge from. Here is a spectacular recent image of what a galaxy-forming massive black hole looks like. Note also the massive polar jets of synchrotron radiation shooting out in both directions characteristic of quasars. All the larger sized stars (more than five times solar mass) ultimately turn into black holes, yet black holes, when large enough, seem to become massive matter and energy processing engines that appear to form entire galaxies from nothing.

How Sure Can One Be that the Entire Universe Began from a Single Point?

Even though I prefer the “Steady State” theory of creation which seems intuitively correct and quite beautiful, it may not be. Nevertheless, the “Big Bang” theory of creation should still be questioned, because, as mentioned above, I think the influences of quantum physics, plasma, magnetism and electricity which are billions of times stronger than gravity have been glossed over by conventional cosmologists. Another problem is the sheer size of some of the structures formed by layer upon layer of galactic superclusters which some cosmologists, at the speed these structures are moving, said would require 60 or 70 billions of years to form–far too long for a universe that began only 13.7 billion years ago. How can such a massive, infinitely complex and ancient universe as ours originate in a single, infinitesimal point around 13.7 billion years ago? Then what must have caused this impossibly massive explosion in the first place? God? What would cause a timeless void to instantly unfold a rapidly expanding four-dimensional sphere of time and space starting as an infinite burst of energy from a single point? How sure can we really be of this idea?


How Many Times Did Humanity’s Concept of the Universe Change Since the Beginning of History?

While being aware of my own mental limitations and at the same time the vastness and infinite complexity and strangeness of all reality and nature, the absolute truth of cosmological etiology can never be fully reached as the human mind is far too limited to comprehend it! This fact is historically proven in that from age to age man’s concept of the universe and of its size keeps changing dramatically. In the dark ages, the earth was conceived as flat, and all the stars, planets, sun and moon revolved around “terra firma” inhabited by (chauvinistic) men as being at the center and highest point of all creation. Only a hundred years ago near the beginning of the 20th century the entire universe was thought to be just one galaxy many thousands of light years across. The latest estimate is now at 156 billion light years in an expanding space filled with hundreds of billions of galaxies! And what will scientist’s conceptions be like a hundred years from now when hopefully telescopes many times larger and more sensitive than the Hubble have been launched into space? Something tells me, yes the universe is indeed growing rapidly, but probably only the latest scientific conception of it! How far will they have to expand the Big Bang theory to accommodate all the new galaxies, quasars, vast new expanses of space, exotic dark matter (and possibly parallel) universes, etc., yet to be found?

Are Galaxies Growing Hundreds of Times Larger to Get to Today’s Size?

After researching how profoundly influential zero point energy (dark energy) is to the existence of time, space, matter and energy, a “Big Bang” explanation of how an expanding universe was created seems quite superfluous. Extremely distant galaxies of all sorts are being discovered by the Orbiting Hubble telescope in every area of space at the very edges of the visible universe. A growing problem I have noticed is that either the galaxies must be shrinking back to hundreds of times smaller than they are now or that space has not yet contracted at the distance beyond 12 billion light years, which would have to indicate there could not (at least yet at that huge distance) have been a “Big Bang” unless all the galaxies were really tiny in those days. So how did the galaxies “grow up” to the sizes they are today? I don’t see any of the profound magnification effect to be expected coming from galaxies where the size of the universe would be considered to be much smaller, nor any obvious sign of overcrowding to be expected if they all existed in a much denser universe. Go here for a Sept. 22, 2009 article by Jerome Drexler on how galaxies may actually have been formed.

Are Galaxies Growing Hundreds of Times Larger to Get to Today’s Size?

Regarding zero point energy’s absolutely uniform and universal electromagnetic presence throughout all space and time, can’t at least some of the cosmic background radiation be attributed to that source explaining how it could be so smooth? The average cosmic background radiation temperature of 2.725 degrees Kelvin (-455 degrees Fahrenheit) seems way too cold for something that was billions of degrees Fahrenheit (even though it is assumed to be hidden behind a stage of the universe that was opaque), and many times colder than the “Big Bang” theorists originally predicted. According to Cosmic Quest (one of the movies featured on this page), one of the actual temperatures predicted by George Gamow, for instance, was 50 degrees Kelvin, while all the “Steady State” theorists, interestingly enough, predicted a much closer (to reality) range of 2 to 3 degrees Kelvin. So how can the “Big Bang” be so cold? Is it because we are moving away from it so fast the Doppler effect removes all the heat?

Why not simply explain the cosmic expansion of galactic clusters as being caused by the anti-gravitational effects of zero point energy causing an expansion of space which many cosmologists are saying is actually causing not only expansion but an actual acceleration effect? And finally why not give zero point energy the actual cause of the lightest elements in the universe? Because there is so much zero point energy throughout infinite amounts of space and time, and because it is so random (capable of any sort of action) why is it not possible for it to create an occasional virtual particle without a pair (an asymmetric particle creation) that can accumulate along with many, many other particles to create even more complex forms of matter such as deuterium, hydrogen, helium and maybe even some lithium plasmas until they are abundant enough to produce new galaxies? Since there is no shortage of zero point energy and its infinite range of and almost infinite concentrations of energy, I don’t know why this energy is not thought sufficient enough to explain how the universe is created, how it is sustained and how it evolves?

Assuming that the entire universe started with a “Big Bang” anyway, what initiated it? The thing I find really strange is how scientists insist it creates its own space to expand into, saying there is no space or time whatsoever outside of it. Therefore what absolutely colossal force must have started it, if there be absolutely nothing outside of it? (I will try to answer this question later on in this page.) I can’t help but think of all kinds of funny reasons how creation was started! Maybe it was a terrible accident caused by aliens experimenting with some super collision atom smasher that set up an infinitely massive quantum energy cascade reaction billions of years ago? Some string theorists proposed the idea it was caused by a clash of massive, rather irregular shaped inter-dimensional membranes which would most likely create several “Big Bangs” all at once, not just one. A massive problem with that theory is where did the membranes get their momentum from? Or was it God? After all did not the Vatican back in the early 1930s rejoice at Edwin Hubble’s demonstration of an expanding universe supporting the religious idea that God instigated it with a terrific “Big Bang” creation? Is the “Big Bang” a religious hoax?

While Astronomers and Existing Scientific Observations Seem to Support the Notion of “Big Bang” Origin with Authoritative Confidence, Certain Aspects of It Really Bother Me

While mainstream science’s interpretations of today’s observations seem to be creating a more and more elaborate and precise “Big Bang” picture of creation with everything instantly expanding from a tiny point the size of a proton, there still seem to be some glaring contradictions and growing problems with such a massive universe having been so infinitesimally small. For instance, how can so many structures, elements, all the systems, creations and laws of nature, the nearly infinite amounts of space/time, and over 100 billion galaxies, etc., come out of just one, single, tiny dot less than the size of an atom?

If the universe really came from an infinitesimal point and was indeed much smaller at one time than it is now, then, as mentioned earlier, wouldn’t the most distant galaxies at least start to look more magnified and appear more crowded together? If the universe really were expanding from a smaller size, the further out in space (and therefore back in time) one looks, less and less space would be available for the largest known structures to exist in, meaning that their appearance and composition would have to change rather drastically. After studying many deep-space photographs, I have yet to see any such crowding and/or magnification or change in the composition of the overall structure near the edges of the visible universe closest to the so-called point of origin. I guess one has to be a very skilled mathematician and/or astronomer to find ways to detect something that really should be quite obvious. Well, never mind, if they sound authoritative enough, we will simply accept their word for it!


The Hubble Deep Field in 3D
Let’s go as far as the Hubble Telescope can see, and thousands of galaxies show up where nothing would otherwise be expected to be found!



Any Slight Changes in Appearance of Distant Galaxies Compared to Nearer Galaxies May be Caused by the Red-Shift

Some astronomers say the most red-shifted galaxies tend to look less orderly in their structure than the ones seen nearer to Earth thus indicating the universe is indeed going through some form of evolution from “Big Bang” to very old spiral galaxies. Naturally, everything material in the universe is constantly being created, evolving and dissolving anyway. Like everything else such as stars and planets, galaxies are also naturally evolving over the course of their vast existence; however, in what way does the fact that galaxies are evolving prove they also must be coming out from a single point? This fact could mean only that many galaxies may have formed near the same point in time as many other galaxies, indicating a possible “wave” of galaxy

creation during a period in the universe when conditions for galactic formation were perhaps more favorable. Some of these differences in shape and size could also be created by the red shift itself (caused by the dark energy expanding the space around galaxies, not necessarily from an explosion), forcing one to see them in a different color or spectrum of light. In other words, what was once x-ray or ultraviolet light might now be seen as visible light.

Some stars have been found to appear much older than the estimated 13.7 billion years of the universe, up to 18 billion years. Astronomers had to adjust the date of the “Big Bang” ever further back in time to compensate for these ancient stars. Is it possible that even older stars might exist, yet may not be visible because they could be hidden behind vast clouds of dust and gas and/or could be receding away from us faster than the speed of light? There may be much more that exists far beyond what can actually be seen.

Light from the Early Universe would have to be Greatly Distorted by the Time It Reaches Us

While trying to get information regarding the very edges of the visible universe using telescopes for any frequency of the electromagnetic spectrum, how is one to distinguish the cosmic background radiation from other sources? And what sort of radiation must be coming from the countless galaxies recently discovered to exist in even the most distant and “emptiest” known reaches of space? There must be extremely vast and extremely distant clouds of hot hydrogen and helium plasmas in every direction of space emitting much of this radiation, especially if there was a so-called “dark age” of the universe when galaxies had not yet completely formed. And what about all that radiation that must be emitting from the vast amounts of dark energy throughout the universe, black holes, Hawking radiation and other unknown and miscellaneous sources?

According to Einstein’s theory of relativity, the factor of time is not an absolute value throughout the universe, it is a changeable value relative to the velocity of the observer and gravitational effects on the observer and on what is being observed. How does one compensate for all the distortions of time and radiation where accumulating gravitational and other effects add up to an “Alice in Wonderland” of smoke, lenses and distorted mirrors as one tries to peer through all the vast distances of space back to the earliest times of the universe? One must sort through all the “muck” and confusion of dark matter gravity lenses, nebulae, vast seas of cosmic particles, colossal galactic clusters, and the bizarre effects of massive black holes! There is so much out there that could play havoc with delicate red-shift measurements of light arriving from the most distant reaches of deep space, how can one be sure of their accuracy?

If the extremely ancient universe was much more compact than it is now, time may have been quite different (running much slower) due to the massive concentration of matter and energy that would have been present near the theorized beginning of the universe. Any observer viewing the event of the “Big Bang” would have to experience it far differently than from one viewing it from the distant future when time and light is much less distorted and influenced by all the overwhelming concentrations of energy and matter that had to have been present just after the singularity explosion. So how would one correctly measure the exact age and map the exact shape of such an event with time and light being distorted the way it had to have been? The cosmic background radiation would have to be one of the most distorted sources of information ever used in science to confirm any such creation theories of the universe.

Am I Missing Something?

The Big Bang theory of creation also leaves one with a rather huge discrepancy: why are all the deep space photos of the most distant galaxies ever detected only showing galaxies that continue to decrease in size and increase in number? Actually the reverse should be happening: an apparent increase in size (along with a decrease of distance between them) of the most distant galaxies as one peers back through time toward ever smaller and smaller volumes of space until it reaches back to the point of origin (singularity). However, as far as I know, any such observations that show space curving back to a singularity are yet to be made.

Some huge evolutionary changes should also be observed in the appearances of the most distant galaxies, however very few obvious changes are noticed except for a giant red shift, more irregular shaped galaxies, and perhaps an increase in the number of quasars. In fact very puzzling observations to the contrary have been found consisting of old structures even out to the furthest regions of space. Such structures would require 60 to 70 billions of years to form, much longer than the estimated 13.7 billion year age the universe.

If the Universe Somehow Originated from a “Big Bang” Singularity, that Singularity would Have to Contain Infinite Amounts of Energy Packed into a Huge Number of Dimensions

It may be that the “seed” universe, if there was one, existed in an infinite number or almost infinite number of dimensions, which collapsed with the force of the “Big Bang” under its own weight. The chances of such an extraordinary particle of this sort ever being created (and by what?) are absolutely astronomical, and then the means by which it “explodes” are only highly speculative and/or theoretical.

Another problem is the immense inefficiency or loss of energy that must have happened to create such an explosion intended or needed to provide all the energy of the universe in the first place. What should be at the lowest point of entropy ends up having the highest output of entropy, because the vaster the explosion, the vaster the amount of energy used up. Something more like an ultra-super colossal, 100% natural, multi-directional particle beam accelerator would be needed for creating the effect of such an “explosion” without all the entropy–still a very unlikely scenario; what in the world or universe would or could act in that way?

Such a bizarre thing as a singularity containing all the energy of the universe would indeed be extremely, extremely unlikely, if not impossible, to exist. Nevertheless, could the original “cause” of this universe be a highly concentrated event or “spark” of quantum energy from within a higher dimensional reality where space and time had not yet “unfolded” out of a five-dimensional state or “super particle” of timeless and spaceless eternity? The only way I could imagine all the space, energy and matter in the universe packed into one single point would be to conceive of it as a “Oneness” or “God” particle of many, many dimensions that instantly and with inconceivable violence and velocity collapses or “flattens out” into the lower dimensions of time and space simply because such an extremely massive particle with an infinite number of dimensions would not hold up under its own weight!

An object that is “solid” in four dimensions might weigh infinitely less than one that is “solid” in five dimensions, which in turn is far less heavy than one that is “solid” in six. Just a single proton “solid” in hundreds of dimensions is likely to have almost infinite weight and might (theoretically) collapse into four dimensional space-time instantly and with inconceivable force if such a particle ever existed. Matter is made of energy (E=MC2) in that it had to have been created from highly concentrated photons of light caught within a web of higher dimensions at subatomic levels.

The Unlimited Expression of Existence Is Completely Dependent on Our Observation of It

The worst problem with any “what caused the universe” theory, there is always the “what caused the thing that caused the universe” question and so on. This confusion may be removed by viewing the present universe as being an expression of a universal, everlasting, timeless, changeless, “Oneness” that has no actual beginning, end or description, only variations in our observation of it. “Existence” has always existed and always will. This is another reason why I find it hard to accept that everything in the universe started at a certain point in time.

There is also a huge bias (the anthropic principle) which means that only the portions of “Reality” or “Existence” we are likely to experience can only be those epochs and locations in the multiverse that are conducive to life and consciousness. Most other parts of creation may or may not be available for us to experience or observe, not being in this universe, being too far away, and/or too far into the past or future. Could such areas and/or epochs of creation be experienced through remote viewing and astral projection? There could very well be some very strange or even deliberate coincidences that had to have taken place to get to a world such as ours that can support life. A “Big Bang” hypothesis seems too simple to explain a creation as “intelligently guided” as the one we exist in now.

It would have to be far more likely that the universe ultimately originated from a higher dimensional reality rather than just nothing. Something had to have given the universe the characteristics it has today, they could not simply have emerged out of nothingness. The nearly
miraculous characteristics of the present universe may have been given to it in a similar fashion as the genes passed on to children by their parents. In other words, the visible material universe has emerged in the pattern and likeness of dark matter which in turn came from dark energy. Dark energy may indeed be a “conscious” creative energy similar to God(dess) or some sort of natural, nurturing, universal, intelligence. In so many cases throughout nature, that which is created is created in the image and likeness of the Creator, who is most likely a timeless, universal governing principle or “consciousness” existing in and working through higher dimensions beyond all time and space.

Too Many Coincidences Are Needed to Create a Universe from a Single Point

In the “Big Bang” concept of creation, one has the problem of having to maintain a very delicate balance between too much verses too little expansive force all at once where too little would mean premature collapse of the universe and too much would not allow any stars, galaxies, etc. to form at all before all the particles fly off in their separate ways, as if God would know just how much expansion is the right amount? Then He “sprinkles” in just the exact right amount of “dark energy” to keep it expanding? What a precarious balancing act! A tough act to follow, to say the least!

In order to keep this “Big Bang” theory from deflating, scientists are having to come up with fantastic coincidences that boil down to six numbers, if any of which are off by even one percent and in one case by several billionths of one percent, we cannot have evolved and existed here! Too many requirements are needed to have a reality such as ours from a “Big Bang” universe to support intelligent life! Wouldn’t something more like a “Great Wave” of creation have been far more likely than all those coincidences? And then again, how could the entire gamut of time, space, energy and matter possibly start from absolutely nothing in the first place, not to mention the conveniently located and rather peculiar “inflation” theory that is needed to explain the overall smoothness of the universe? Any idea regarding a way that a whole universe starts out from nothing has to be rather awkward.

An Infinite Number of Fractions Reflect A Holographic Universe Like Droplets in Rainbow

However, if the universe did not need to be created out of nothing in the first place, its mystery would not be so tricky of a problem to solve! I know the universe definitely did not come from nothing; it is a prismatic reflection of a universal Oneness or Wholeness.

Would it not make far more sense to think of the universe as emanating like a rainbow from trillions of rain drops or from an infinite multitude of fractions of a universal, absolutely indescribable “Oneness” or “Wholeness” instead of something created out of nothing? Isn’t it easier to think of the universe as an everlasting ongoing expression of the timeless ocean of “Oneness” or “God(dess),” rather than something that came from a massive explosion that suddenly started from nothing? Imagine a holographic universe (“uni” meaning one) with an infinitely intelligent design and beauty spontaneously arising out of its own eternal mathematical principles of perfect harmony such as the equation, “0/0 = Oneness” through its universal correspondent, five-dimensional geometry of creative (dark) energy, throughout all space and time, that on a sub-atomic level, sustains all things in existence.

Death from Space – Cosmic Gamma Ray Bursts Could Give Rare Glimpse into the Edge of the Visible Universe
Was there a cosmic dark age that lies beyond the visible universe? Some of the most violent and exotic phenomena ever observed points to the existence of a time when much of the universe was shrouded in massive star-forming gas clouds.



The “Steady State” Theory Alone is Also not Sufficient to Explain the Dynamic, Evolutionary and Expansive Nature of the Universe

The “Steady State” theory on its own might not be sufficient to fully explain some subtle changes seen in the overall evolution of the universe as one peers deeper and deeper back into the epochs of time. Furthermore, the universe cannot be static anyway, such a universe would eventually collapse into itself. If the universe is to remain as an on-going, dynamic, creative phenomenon, it must consist mainly of a continuous force of self-renewing, expansive energy. Yet the “Big Bang” seems just as awkward a proposal. Somewhere between the two theories lies the “Great Wave” or multi-phase universe theory of creation which might make more sense as waves of creation maintain an ever-expanding, evolving universe going through various phases of creation, development and dissolution where endless possibilities (experiments) are played out.

As one observes galaxies further and further back through the billions of light years of space cosmologists say there were more quasars, smaller and irregular looking galaxies with young stars. Furthermore, it appears there could very well have been a time or epoch in the universe that everything was opaque or shrouded in massive clouds of gas that formed into stars so inconceivably huge, that within millions of years became exploding black holes. The beams of gamma rays from these titanic explosions can be detected here on Earth. Can one imagine the vast amounts of heavier elements some of these stars must have created?

Inconvenient Truths Lurk Inside Both the “Steady State” and “Big Bang” Theories: Could the Answer Lie Somewhere in Between?

A couple of most likely reasons the sky is so dark at night (with absolute background radiation body temperature of 2.725 degrees Kelvin or -455 degrees Fahrenheit) is because the early universe may have been shrouded in massive gas clouds just like many of the stars being created inside nebula are, and/or could be permanently lost over the cosmic horizon where all of the most distant parts of the universe may be receding beyond the speed of light, therefore being utterly invisible and completely out of reach. Whatever lies behind this shroud is expected to be the light of the creation itself which might have had the luminosity of trillions of suns. The early universe is literally shrouded in mystery, and there are too many “inconvenient truths” making it hard for me to accept either a “Big Bang” or “Steady State” explanation.

The “Dark Energy Cosmology” concept of universal phases or waves of creation carefully explained throughout this page seems to be the most likely and logical answer, which is also very much in harmony with the “New Age” Eastern thought on the cyclic, creative and sustaining powers of a universal “Prana” or “Shakti” bubbling up from the universal “Oneness” or primary substance of creation, which we know has to exist, otherwise space would not transmit light.

The great inventor Nikola Tesla (1856-1943), after having conversed with some of the greatest yogi masters of his time, describes in Sanskrit terms the origin of matter from a “luminiferous ether” in an article entitled Man’s Greatest Achievement, published posthumously by O’Neil in 1944:

Long ago he [the yogi] recognized that all perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or a tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life-giving Prana or Creative Force, calling into existence, in never ending cycles, all things and phenomena. The primary substance, thrown into infinitesimal whirls of prodigious velocity, becomes gross matter; the force subsiding, the motion ceases and matter disappears, reverting to the primary substance.

In time we will all know for sure what really happened at the very foundation of this universe which I believe is in fact a massive, ever-expanding and “luminiferous” ocean of quantum (dark) energy or “ether,” which should not be that great of a mystery. Even your own living room is filled with very much the same thing.

Could the Whole Universe Have Originated from Dark Energy, The Sustainer of all Creation?

It is a fact that dark energy (zero point energy or ZPE) is an all-pervasive antigravity force behind the expansion of the entire universe which also prevents it from collapsing back in on itself. I believe dark energy is what keeps electrons from collapsing into the nuclei of atoms, it is that which provides a reality or substance to everything by giving it a quantum motion or vibration without which nothing can exist or interact. Dark energy (or prana) is that which maintains all the energy in the universe. As the source of all creation of both dark matter and physical matter, it is the ether, first cause and primary etheric substance of all things. It is the zero point field (see The Field : The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe) of all virtual particle creation and dissolution.

So profound is the relationship of dark energy to the existence of all matter in the universe that if all quantum “movement” were to suddenly stop, all the atoms in existence would collapse into infinitesimal specks of nothingness. There would then be nothing to stop the whole universe, including all space and time from collapsing or tightly curling back into a singularity under its own weight where all the higher dimensions reside. Zero point energy (see also the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle) is the bedrock or foundation of all energy and creation. Not only does ZPE keep electrons from collapsing back into the nuclei of all atoms, but also acts as an antigravity force throughout the entire universe that maintains its expansion so that galaxies don’t all gravitationally collapse back into a single unit while keeping a relatively even distribution of galactic clusters throughout the entire universe.

Dark (or Quantum) Energy Originates in the Subatomic World of Five Dimensions

ZPE is a very fine universal vibration of chaotic spacial and temporal movement (in five dimensions) on a subatomic level caused by the Uncertainty Principle which I believe is the very ultimate cause of all energy and matter (matter is made of energy) in the universe. The source of all quantum energy has its roots in the fifth dimension’s limited extension (its range stays tightly curled, through gravitational collapse, to within subatomic distances, but not as tightly as the higher dimensions). Because the fifth dimension is the realm of all probabilities (a sort of intersection of parallel universes), at the level of the subatomic, everything becomes “blurred” so that nothing remains stationary and there is a constant jiggling around into all four dimensions of time and space, but only within a very limited range, which is critical to how smoothly the logical flow of natural phenomena runs down through the river of time. Time, otherwise would not be linear.

According to String Theory there are at least eleven dimensions, however, unlike the first four, these higher dimensions are more and more tightly curled as one goes up the scale. I believe that gravity is an extension of the other forces except that it only effects four dimensions making it much weaker, yet more extensive. Understanding the nature of the higher dimensions is the key to unlocking the deepest mysteries of the universe. String theory, although controversial, may solve all these questions including the existence of psychic phenomena, parallel universes and even God. Even though one can use string theory to try to explain the “Big Bang” theory of creation, in no way does that prove it ever happened.




(Ad) Cosmology from… Consciousness

I guarantee you will see the universe in a way you’ve never seen it before! The following alternative cosmology articles came from a period of over thirty-seven years of deep contemplation on the nature of reality starting in 1975. They contain my best insights on creation including a compendium of compatible alternative cosmological concepts regarding the formation of the universe and the creation of reality. Most scientific thinking today still revolves around the idea that reality is structured independent of our consciousness and that all thoughts, feelings and consciousness are strictly artifacts of the human brain. However, a vast assortment of life’s deepest mysteries could never, ever be solved by assuming that consciousness has nothing to do with “external” reality.



Quantum Physics Can Create the Strangest Effects that Anyone Could Ever Dream of

The following may sound more like a flight of fancy far beyond the bounds of standard scientific thinking. However, if somehow the strength of quantum (dark) energy grew much larger, or one could “shrink down” one’s world into sub-atomic scales as in the “Quantum Cafe” portrayed in Elegant Universe, the influence of entropy on energy systems might grow far less. Life could start to behave in bizarre ways because any possibility could be experienced. Even though time may generally go forward at the usual rate, time would stop, start and go backwards, yet jump forward. In other words, it would be as if an extra dimension of time and space has opened up for all to exist in, making it possible to walk outside of time! All possible motions would come into one’s experience as all of the most likely scenarios would try to play themselves out.

From all my years of research into quantum physics, I believe anything five-dimensional is thought responsive. I therefore speculate that actual exterior manifestations of one’s intentions or desires could pop into and out of existence if a wide enough range of five-dimensional “space” existed. This situation might very well be a metaphysician’s wildest dream come true as all one’s wishes become externally and temporarily manifested. One may even be able to teleport into any desired location; just as time need no longer be an obstacle, distance can also be overcome as one is able to “tunnel through” or directly connect to other times and places via higher dimensional portals. One could then by-pass the standard limitations of the distance-time continuum, travel back and forward through time, and even walk through walls.

The electromagnetic spectrum would go berserk as it is flooded with massive quantities of random (white noise) background radiation at all frequencies. Everything would glow mysterious colors and space itself would have a strange luminosity to it, so much so that night, instead of complete darkness, may seem like a long twilight, and stars may shine forever, because whatever exists in five-dimensions never runs down, time just jumps back and forth in “probability” which is a timeless source of energy throughout the universe.

Even sounds in the air may be affected in a similar way as spontaneously created musical notes vibrate the atmosphere orchestrated by an ever present, spontaneous universal intelligence from even higher dimensions of consciousness that govern all reality. Miracles would be commonplace. Just as electrons do now on a subatomic level, a spinning toy top might just keep on spinning indefinitely, humans might be able to live without food, and being subject to the force of gravity may only be optional, not required. This “paradise” could be an ideal but flukey world, yet never really chaotic or terrifying, basically controlled and regulated by a universal, consciously aware intelligence (God?) quite naturally and deeply embedded in all the higher dimensions of reality. Remembering that all life is governed by timeless mathematical principles, there is great order, beauty and intelligence in all the deeper fields of reality. Therefore adding an extra dimension to life may very well lead to far less chaos and suffering, much more fulfillment and happiness, and much, much more time, energy, and opportunity to experience whatever one’s mind wants one to experience.

Does this state of existence sound very much like those of lucid dream states, astral projection, and/or some levels of the afterlife where finer states of matter tend to manifest all possibilities and/or be influenced by one’s attitudes? There is a profound connection between anything mystical and the five plus higher dimensions. Only quantum theory (which completely depends on having at least five dimensions) can begin to explain why the universe is as strange as it is: how it is possible to remote view, harness free energy, experience the future, channel other entities, astral project, and tune into another person’s thoughts.


Universes of Baryonic Matter May be Far More Restricted than Universes of Dark Matter

From what I have learned from various channels such as Bashar, most other universes or existences tend to be far less limited by the constraints of linear time and causation, and therefore behave more like what I have described above, depending on the rate or level of vibration one is attuned to. The realms of the afterlife (consisting of dark or astral matter) are more or less free of all the major constraints and daily difficulties modern human beings must face in the physical universe. In our physical (baryonic) reality, it is as if a whole dimension such as the fifth dimension has been cut away, or at least most of it, from our reality so that only a “bare bones” essential sliver of it remains as the quantum field scientists are learning about today. Our entire lives have to be crammed mainly into the tight and unforgiving restraints of four-dimensional or linear space-time where energy becomes sparse, budgets have to be managed, and priorities carefully juggled.

Why is this so? It is because the density of physical matter is very heavy and collapses much sooner than higher vibrational states of matter such as astral matter whenever it tries to “extend” in five dimensions (directions) or try to gather information from outside of the space-time continuum. The astral worlds consist of finer particles that are even less subject to the limitations of space-time while being even more liberated by the influences of higher dimensions. The universe we are living in today is perhaps a very limited version of what most universes may actually be like. This is because the type of material/physical world we exist in is made of particles of baryonic matter (instead of dark matter) which are at such a heavy, low vibrational state, they cannot “stretch” or “span” into an extra five dimensions very far without collapsing under their own weight. We are therefore “grounded” in a very tightly bound and physically restricted “thermodynamic arrow of time” continuum where entropy becomes a huge factor. Most universes made of dark matter in contrast, have much more access to the blessings of the “five-dimensional” freedom naturally inherent in most of the realities of existence. Most of these universes of dark matter (heavens) are not obligated in any way to the disappointing and disheartening trials and tribulations of entropy or old age.

Again, these concepts are not standard scientific thinking, however someday, I hope more and more scientists will come round to fully realizing the reality of these great mystical truths.

Is The Universe Finally Saved from “Big Bang” Theorists?

At last there is yet still hope for a more reasonable explanation! They call it the “Great Breed” rather than the “Big Bang” theory of creation. Just as I had hoped: A grand creation of all things from an infinitely vast, intelligently guided network of dark energy. Go here and go here to find an alternate understanding of creation and its universes of physical and dark (spiritual) matter. Thank God for free thinking. Ron Person saves the day–or universe?

Can Dark Energy (Source Energy) be Used to Create Electric Power?

If it can, we are talking about a whole new possible source of non-polluting energy–of free energy! Check out the following website Institute of Research for Vacuum Energy and see for yourself. The “quantum battery” featured on that website is just one example of how this energy (ZPE or zero point energy) can have actual industrial uses. Imagine having all your energy needs provided by dark energy! ZPE (zero point energy is also called “Source Energy” by some mystics) is a potentially profound and absolutely limitless source of power.

Scientists and inventors are trying to create energy systems that tap into zero point energy so that hopefully soon there will be no more dependency on oil, nuclear and/or other technologies that have too many negative consequences. The only thing stopping or slowing them down is its sheer subatomic minuteness, extremely subtile, elusive, random, and ubiquitous nature of this form of energy. Anything mechanical or electrical may be far too crude to pick up such a fine source of energy as quantum energy. However, chemical reactions between certain forms of hydrogen and alkali metal salts seem to “pick up” on this energy. Go here to see a company doing this already. Quantum energy NEVER runs out, energy in its truest sense is like “gigabyte” information that can be stored, duplicated and retrieved at any time.

Why is this so? Because the actual nature of energy is simply a four-dimensional shape, in other words, if any event could be viewed from outside the space-time continuum, it would appear as a static, four-dimensional object. All time directed energy, or “thermodynamic” energy that is subject to the laws of entropy, is simply four-dimensional geometry! Quantum energy on the other hand has no entropy because it exists in dimensions beyond time and space.


At Least Five Dimensions Are Essential, Otherwise Nothing would Exist!

The geometry of space is far more complicated than the simple three dimensions of volume the average person is so familiar with. The fourth dimension of time is nothing more than an additional “angle” or extra direction of space which allows all motions, events, etc., to exist. However, there is in addition to the first four dimensions an extra “direction” of the linear time-line itself that is permanently embedded in the continuum of time as “probability” or “possibility” which I call the fifth “direction” or dimension or the “width of time” (absolutely essential) which theoretically can extend into an infinite number of other “histories” or parallel universes, but mathematically only has a very, very short or limited extent (tightly curled to a space much less than the width of an atom).

The existence of the five-dimensional “width” of the four-dimensional space-time continuum is absolutely essential, otherwise nothing would exist inside it! In other words, if there were only four dimensions of time and space, but no five dimensions, there would only be a vast, open void with absolutely nothing in it! Not even electromagnetic radiation, which are waves of five-dimensional geometry, would exist.

Any five-dimensional object that tries to extend beyond this “width of time” would gravitationally collapse into an event horizon or black hole. Therefore the entire subatomic universe is similar to the way it is at an event horizon, where time no longer behaves the same as it does at normal levels of experience. It did, all the atoms in the universe would have decayed many, many eons ago and energy as we know it would no longer exist.

Four dimensions are required for gravity to exist, and five-dimensional geometry is required for magnetism and electricity to exist. The higher dimensions, 6, 7, 8, 9, etc., are also essential, but each are successively more and more tightly curled yet are the ultimate source of any object’s mass, and of the most concentrated (strong) forces such as the nuclear force, laws of physics, all the higher governing principles of reality, and essence of reality itself.

The Uncertainty Principle
The more one knows about the momentum of a particle, the less one knows about its position, and the less one knows about its momentum, the more one knows about its position. It can only move predictably as a wave.



The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle and the Incredible Geometry of Quantum Energy

As it states in the Uncertainty Principle the speed (energy) of an electron or other sub-atomic particle can only be determined by sacrificing the information regarding its location and vice versa. In other words, its exact velocity can only be determined as being a moving field of energy. As soon as one tries to pin-point its location or “focus” the wave down to a particle (or “speck” of frozen time), the particle’s location would jump around unpredictably within the moving field, but always within a certain statistical bell curve “wave” or “probability” zone that matches exactly the present shape and position of the field. “Probability” implies variation through five-dimensional space. Collapsing the wave is, in a sense, looking inside a five-dimensional bubble where there is no time or causation any more, only quantum movement or probability, as if a dice was constantly being thrown, and only that which by chance within a “bell curve” of statistical average governs its location. Within this minute section of five-dimensional space, time no longer matters, there is no more thermodynamic “arrow of time” or entropy and its level of energy remains forever in perfect
balance as long as no outside force takes it away. If this were not so, all atoms would have decayed eons ago. In other words, the geometry of space itself is the ultimate carrier of all energy and the means by which all things have mass, feel and appear solid. Without this amazing, incredible geometry of quantum energy, this universe and all universes ever created would have collapsed into nothing long ago! Without energy, even time would no longer exist!

The Profound Significance of Vacuum Energy

The actual power, profound significance, and influence of dark (also known as “vacuum”) energy is vastly underestimated and overlooked by conventional scientists. Its actual density in just one cubic meter is more than enough to light up a whole city. Without it, the electrons of all atoms would quickly collapse into their nuclei, splattering neutrons in all directions in the form of deadly radiation. All atoms would annihilate themselves in a massive explosion. All the energy inside all the matter in the universe would instantly run down into black holes which in turn would mash together. Imagine how much energy must be stored in every cubic meter throughout all the universe as it is today! Also it is never used up, because it is based on a different principle (the Uncertainty Principle) outside the law of supply and demand, beyond the physical limitations of cause and effect, and beyond linear time.
The long-term implications of being able to harness dark energy are huge and quite positive. This means that humankind would have unlimited potential and unlimited survival as he would be able to create endless amounts of heat and light long after the lifespans of all the suns in the universe have come to an end. Yet, nature itself may never run down, at least as long as the timeless equilibrium between the four-dimensional thermodynamic “arrow” of time and the five-dimensional influences of quantum physics exists, which could be forever.

The Mystical Aspects and Properties of Dark Energy

Dark energy can be sensed throughout nature as a wonderful, blissful and uplifting phenomenon often associated with spiritual experiences, storms, waterfalls, natural open spaces, plants and trees. Buildings and other man-made objects, pollution and technology tend to block this energy. Interesting to note that while enclosed areas seem to reduce it, open spaces seem to increase it, yet is it possibly the same thing the controversial German scientist Wilhelm Reich tried to accumulate in orgone energy accumulators? Dark energy (prana) is the kinetic energy behind all creation which comes out from infinite space as a result of its process of self-awareness. It can be heard in the right ear as the “Om” sound or “birthing sound” of creation and as many other inner sounds according to one’s sensitivity.

Dark energy could very likely be the same phenomena known throughout various cultures and/or religions such as orgone, chi, prana, Prakriti (Divine Mother), the Holy Spirit, and the power behind the manifestation of thought. It is interesting to note that this dark energy, being as universal as it is, could very well be one of the three components of the Trinity, the “Holy Ghost” or the Hindu “Vishnu” as the Sustainer of creation. The other two aspects are the “Infinite Father” which would be the Infinite Unmanifested Aspect of creation while the “Son” would be the Manifested Aspect (offspring) of creation including all the universes both physical and subtle.

Such energy is indeed uplifting! Just as there are gravity waves in the universe there are also antigravity waves that emanate directly from dark energy because dark energy is a universal form of antigravity. Yogis who claim to have experienced levitation would most likely feel that prana or chi is a form of antigravity. Some masters of yoga are able to gather so much prana or chi energy within themselves that they allegedly start to “hop” off the ground and in some cases even claim to levitate! This effect and other so called “miracles” are so rare, that mainstream science, of course, has not yet accepted any of it nor anything I say regarding the connection between dark energy and spiritual energy. Breatharian yogis can use this energy to “live on light” while going on very long fasts.

Free Energy from the Vacuum is a Reality
The only hope for solving the world’s energy problems is to consider things barely imagined. Tom Valone Ph. D. discuses zero-point energy extraction from the quantum vacuum (2004) where he gives a great overview of the various methods to extract free energy directly from the quantum vacuum. Amazing lecture!


Alan Steinfeld Interviews Hal Puthoff on Quantum Theory and Consciousness:

Hal Puthoff Pt. 1 of 5- The Search for Zero Point Energy

Hal Puthoff Pt. 2 of 5- The Mysteries of the Universe

Hal Puthoff Pt. 3 of 5- Levitation and Quantum theory

Hal Puthoff pt.4 of 5 on Spaceships and Wormholes

Hal Puthoff pt.5 of 5- Remote Viewing and Consciousness

Is Thought a Zero Point Energy Fluctuation?

I have a theory as to what the subtle thought “sounds” in one’s head could be. It is highly probable that they are intelligently guided pulsations or vibrations of this quantum, universally present (free) energy stored in the brain and crown chakra. The human being’s vortices (or vortexes) of energy (all the chakras and meridians of the astral body) naturally gather, concentrate and then store this spiritual or dark energy into a form that can be used for any purpose. If thoughts really are a sort of quantum fluctuation (change in probability) powered by dark energy through the mind, then it should be possible to detect very slight changes or fluctuations with a sensitive instrument specially designed to interpret them and then even listen to and/or record those thoughts!

Can Zero Point Energy Be Harnessed to Communicate with the Afterlife?

This energy is most likely the only way possible to communicate with the afterlife! If thought waves are actually just minute vibrations of quantum energy (with antigravity properties) from dark energy or Spirit, then it may very well be possible to create a spirit telephone by a microphone directly attached to a highly sensitive weighing scale or some device that is able to interpret intentionally guided fluctuations in the quantum field or white noise.

Can Zero Point Energy Be Heard?

According to The Field : The Quest for the Secret Force of the Universe this dark energy can be picked up as a “fuzzy” sound (or white background noise) when FM radios are tuned between stations or when the volume on one’s compact disk and/or cassette player is turned up all the way between songs. More interestingly, when it is really quiet, one can also hear this sound (or white noise) in various frequencies within the inner ear. These are the sounds of the chakras, the Om, and of the inner voice. Those who are sensitive can do an interesting comparison of how the brain interprets these inner sounds verses how electronic amplifiers pick it up as a rushing white noise. One can ponder how eons of evolution has been affected or influenced by this energy and how quantum physics may very well be the main force behind the ability for evolutionary change and development both spiritual and physical.

Can Zero Point Energy Be Seen and Can it Nourish One’s Soul?

Spirits see by the “light” of this dark energy which is no longer “dark” to them but is perceived as a universal, very loving and refreshing radiance that illuminates everything in the universe including both physical and astral matter depending on what vibration of matter they are tuned into. Whatever lives on the astral planes are dependent on this dark energy for vitality, light, sustenance and nourishment. It is the reason spirits do not necessarily have to eat (astral food) or at least only at first just after passing over until they realize that this energy can and does sustain and rejuvenate them in all ways indefinitely. Even astral food contains a form of this energy that nature in the astral worlds has stored in the form of astral food, drinks, fruits, herbs and vegetables.

Could Dark Energy Be Related to Paranormal Phenomena?

Dark energy is the force by which poltergeists move objects and cause other disturbances. At the time of Thomas Edison’s death, all his clocks stopped. This was a deliberate, conscious attempt by his spirit to try to prove survival of his soul to others. Souls can sometimes move or manipulate physical objects, especially delicate ones such as clocks by using a thought-directed power with dark energy as its source. The charming and delightful Scottish spirit, Dorcas was once an earthbound Scottish poltergeist over two-hundred years ago in Dundee, Scotland and claimed in 1964 during a Leslie Flint seance that she still can under the right conditions move physical objects as long as the energy of a young person is present. This must mean that a young person can channel much more prana or dark energy that can be used by a ghost than a less vital, older person. Remembering that dark energy is an expansive, anti-gravitational force helps to explain how some ghosts or spirits are able to make objects float or move through the air. I am quite confident that dark energy plays a huge role in providing the power that creates the ectoplasm that amplifies thought into sound so that spirits like Dorcas can “come through.”

In Conclusion: Dark Energy is One of Three Aspects of Existence

Dark energy, a term coined by astronomers to label that “mysterious” energy that 70% the universe consists of, is no more mysterious than the Casimir effect. However, 100% of all matter and light in the universe cannot even begin to exist without the universal, zero-point or quantum (five-dimensional) field from which all dark energy and all other forms of energy and matter emanate. All baryonic (physical) matter, dark (astral) matter, and electromagnetic radiation in the universe is one and the same as zero-point energy, because electromagnetic radiation consists of five-dimensional fluctuations in the zero-point energy field, and all matter is made of highly concentrated electromagnetic radiation. In other words, the entire universe and all life within it is one and the same as the quantum field of five and higher dimensions. The multi-dimensional geometry of the vacuum (or universal oneness) is the primary cause, substance, and sustainer of all matter.

The phenomenon of zero-point energy may be the one and same effect as the “Light of God,” which, of course is not at all a “dark energy” to those who are fully spiritually aware. Dark energy is just as real, familiar, and ubiquitous to enlightened mystics as is water to fish at the bottom of an ocean. Yogis like to say that this universal (zero point) energy is part and parcel of a Trinity of creation consisting of (1) the “Divine Mother” (Holy Spirit) or prime mover of and primary energy of all creation; (2) “God the Father” or universal blueprint (thought and universal consciousness) behind all creation; and (3) the “Son” or the “Manifested World” or “Offspring” of the “Infinite Father” and “Divine Mother” (Holy Spirit). Sri Ramakrishna, a great mystic yogi introduced to the West by Swami Vivekananda once said that the world is the emanation of God.

Only because I know that the actual complexity of the universe goes way beyond the present borders of science, that I don’t mind sounding a little religious. I also like to express the principle of universal creation in a very simple “undefined” mathematical equation: the strongest infinity times nothing: 1/0 X 0 = 0/0 = Reality. Because any number can go into it, anything may come out of it. This universal “Oneness” or “God” is a “substance” or “awareness” that cannot be defined, yet the entire reality comes from this one “substance.


Why Use the Term Current?

The Wholeverse is plasmic, changing in form and information ever and ever. What happens as what we call space is charge constantly modifying the fabric of the Wholeverse in and out of the Source of the Wholeverse.

It is more crucial than ever for the masses of humanity to understand the true electrical nature of reality. Hence, the term Currents rather than Currency.

Active Currents used as a Medium of Exchange while Passive Reserve Currents and other monetized agencies are Stores of Value. Both are needed to ground an “Electromagnetically Active Scalar Field of Sharing” (MultiD Solomids).

Civilization 1.0 Tribalonomics was a Golden Age of relative tribal harmony and abundance.

This was replaced by Civilization 2.0 Pyranomics.  War Thirsty connected bloodlines Apexed themselves atop a new class system cementing in the Space their new Paradigm, Pyranomics.

They looted the wealth of the Civilization 1.0  tribes. They destroyed their lineages. They took from the original civilization their connections to Earth and Source.

Esoteric knowledge as to the nature of reality they hid from humanity. They built secret networks of connection and power to control the rest.

Currents indicate that we are moving to the next stage of Civilization, Wholonomics.

Why the Wholonomics Model and Development Will Succeed

Some Reasons why the Wholonomics Model and Development Will Succeed

Number one reason: Scamming will be eliminated so it will have a foundation of truth.

Currents will either be backed by Security Tokens or will not function with the expectation of a return on the unit itself or will function as a true utility through the Ecochange. Demand increase will not in itself cause an increase in pricing. Where that is the case, it will have to be in the form of a security.

All units of Wholonomics will have a utility value as part of a real economy.

100% governance accountability. Every use of funds will be accounted for and used in best way to further the development and maturity of Wholonomics. All funds will be used to develop value, not frills like luxury hotels and travel to conferences. Holders are number one, not management.

Capital raised will be incremental as the hard work of design iteration to match market and distribution needs, customer and user requirements and interest finding what user will appreciate is achieved. Less capital forces innovation.

Mistakes WILL NOT BE HIDDEN BUT ADDRESSED for rapid experimentation and rectification.

Reports on progress will be honest and accurate. Zero hype is the goal even if it means less funds being raised. Full trust about all aspect is the goal here.

Advisors will be actual advisors not window dressing. If they are not going to actually contribute to the development and success they will not be advisors. High rating by paid for advisor will not be tolerated. Advisor further will not be allowed to cash out until the portal they are advising on is successful.

Bounty Hunters will be avoided unless they do REAL WORK.

A false sense of urgency will be avoided. The design of the raise does have a schedule of accounting increase but this is linked to real upfront risk and the fact that with funding, the value of the portal does increase.

Use of funds is transparent and blatant irresponsibility is met with the possibility of being voted out.

No troll-farm hiring.  Fake signaling and fake vanity metrics are absolutely not allowed. The interest has to be real. No fake accounts or activity.

Equity Investors if there some and Current buyers are on equal footing with equal or parallel power.



Why Bitcoin May not Last – Energy Consumption

Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index

Download data.

Key Network Statistics

*The assumptions underlying this energy consumption estimate can be found here. Criticism and potential validation of the estimate is discussed here.
**The minimum is calculated from the total network hashrate, assuming the only machine used in the network is Bitmain’s Antminer S9 (drawing 1,500 watts each).

Did you know?

Ever since its inception Bitcoin’s trust-minimizing consensus has been enabled by its proof-of-work algorithm. The machines performing the “work” are consuming huge amounts of energy while doing so. The Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index was created to provide insight into this amount, and raise awareness on the unsustainability of the proof-of-work algorithm.

Note that the Index contains the aggregate of Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash (other forks of the Bitcoin network are not included). A separate index was created for Ethereum, which can be found here.

What kind of work are miners performing?

New sets of transactions (blocks) are added to Bitcoin’s blockchain roughly every 10 minutes by so-called miners. While working on the blockchain these miners aren’t required to trust each other. The only thing miners have to trust is the code that runs Bitcoin. The code includes several rules to validate new transactions. For example, a transaction can only be valid if the sender actually owns the sent amount. Every miner individually confirms whether transactions adhere to these rules, eliminating the need to trust other miners.

The trick is to get all miners to agree on the same history of transactions. Every miner in the network is constantly tasked with preparing the next batch of transactions for the blockchain. Only one of these blocks will be randomly selected to become the latest block on the chain. Random selection in a distributed network isn’t easy, so this is where proof-of-work comes in. In proof-of-work, the next block comes from the first miner that produces a valid one. This is easier said than done, as the Bitcoin protocol makes it very difficult for miners to do so. In fact, the difficulty is regularly adjusted by the protocol to ensure that all miners in the network will only produce one valid block every 10 minutes on average. Once one of the miners finally manages to produce a valid block, it will inform the rest of the network. Other miners will accept this block once they confirm it adheres to all rules, and then discard whatever block they had been working on themselves. The lucky miner gets rewarded with a fixed amount of coins, along with the transaction fees belonging to the processed transactions in the new block. The cycle then starts again.

The process of producing a valid block is largely based on trial and error, where miners are making numerous attempts every second trying to find the right value for a block component called the “nonce“, and hoping the resulting completed block will match the requirements (as there is no way to predict the outcome). For this reason, mining is sometimes compared to a lottery where you can pick your own numbers. The number of attempts (hashes) per second is given by your mining equipment’s hashrate. This will typically be expressed in Gigahash per second (1 billion hashes per second).


The continuous block mining cycle incentivizes people all over the world to mine Bitcoin. As mining can provide a solid stream of revenue, people are very willing to run power-hungry machines to get a piece of it. Over the years this has caused the total energy consumption of the Bitcoin network to grow to epic proportions, as the price of the currency reached new highs. The entire Bitcoin network now consumes more energy than a number of countries, based on a report published by the International Energy Agency. If Bitcoin was a country, it would rank as shown below.

Apart from the previous comparison, it also possible to compare Bitcoin’s energy consumption to some of the world’s biggest energy consuming nations. The result is shown hereafter.

Carbon footprint

Bitcoin’s biggest problem is not even its massive energy consumption, but that the network is mostly fueled by coal-fired power plants in China. Coal-based electricity is available at very low rates in this country. Even with a conservative emission factor, this results in an extreme carbon footprint for each unique Bitcoin transaction.

Additional research published in Nature Climate Change (October 2018) even suggested that Bitcoin mining alone could push global warning “above 2 °C within less than three decades“.

Comparing Bitcoin’s energy consumption to other payment systems

To put the energy consumed by the Bitcoin network into perspective we can compare it to another payment system like VISA for example. According to VISA, the company consumed a total amount of 674,922 Gigajoules of energy (from various sources) globally for all its operations. This means that VISA has an energy need equal to that of around 17,000 U.S. households. We also know VISA processed 111.2 billion transactions in 2017. With the help of these numbers, it is possible to compare both networks and show that Bitcoin is extremely more energy intensive per transaction than VISA (note that the chart below compares a single Bitcoin transaction to 100,000 VISA transactions).

Of course, these numbers are far from perfect (e.g. energy consumption of VISA offices isn’t included), but the differences are so extreme that they will remain shocking regardless. A comparison with the average non-cash transaction in the regular financial system still reveals that an average Bitcoin transaction requires several thousands of times more energy. One could argue that this is simply the price of a transaction that doesn’t require a trusted third party, but this price doesn’t have to be so high as will be discussed hereafter.


Proof-of-work was the first consensus algorithm that managed to prove itself, but it isn’t the only consensus algorithm. More energy efficient algorithms, like proof-of-stake, have been in development over recent years. In proof-of-stake coin owners create blocks rather than miners, thus not requiring power hungry machines that produce as many hashes per second as possible. Because of this, the energy consumption of proof-of-stake is negligible compared to proof-of-work. Bitcoin could potentially switch to such an consensus algorithm, which would significantly improve sustainability. The only downside is that there are many different versions of proof-of-stake, and none of these have fully proven themselves yet. Nevertheless the work on these algorithms offers good hope for the future.

Energy consumption model and key assumptions

Even though the total network hashrate can easily be calculated, it is impossible to tell what this means in terms of energy consumption as there is no central register with all active machines (and their exact power consumption). In the past, energy consumption estimates typically included an assumption on what machines were still active and how they were distributed, in order to arrive at a certain number of Watts consumed per Gigahash/sec (GH/s). A detailed examination of a real-world Bitcoin mine shows why such an approach will certainly lead to underestimating the network’s energy consumption, because it disregards relevant factors like machine-reliability, climate and cooling costs. This arbitrary approach has therefore led to a wide set of energy consumption estimates that strongly deviate from one another, sometimes with a disregard to the economic consequences of the chosen parameters. The Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index therefore proposes to turn the problem around, and approach energy consumption from an economic perspective.

The index is built on the premise that miner income and costs are related. Since electricity costs are a major component of the ongoing costs, it follows that the total electricity consumption of the Bitcoin network must be related to miner income as well. To put it simply, the higher mining revenues, the more energy-hungry machines can be supported. How the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index uses miner income to arrive at an energy consumption estimate is explained in detail here (also in peer-reviewed academic literature here), and summarized in the following infographic:

Infographic Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index

Note that one may reach different conclusions on applying different assumptions (a calculator that allows for testing different assumptions has been made available here). The chosen assumptions have been chosen in such a way that they can be considered to be both intuitive and conservative, based on information of actual mining operations. In the end, the goal of the Index is not to produce a perfect estimate, but to produce an economically credible day-to-day estimate that is more accurate and robust than an estimate based on the efficiency of a selection of mining machines.

Criticism and Validation

The methodology underlying the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index has been anchored in peer-reviewed academic literature since May 2018. The full paper can be found here. Subsequent (independent) research, published in the British journal Nature Sustainability in November 2018, provided additional support for the numbers in the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index. Specifically, this study found that Bitcoin had an average power requirement of 3.4 gigawatts during the first half of 2018. Over the same period, the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index showed an average power requirement of 3.2 gigawatts.

The best support ended up coming from the biggest manufacturer of Bitcoin mining machines itself. Bitmain decided to file for an Initial Public Offering (IPO), and disclosed that it had sold 2.56 million mining machines in the first half of 2018 alone. Assuming that each machine consumes about 1,500 watts each (the consumption of an Antminer S9), all of these machines combined would be responsible for an annual energy consumption of 34 terawatt hour (TWh). Over this time period, the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index showed an equal size increase in Bitcoin’s energy consumption from 37 to 71 TWh per year. Additionally, documents showed that Bitmain had sold 1.62 machines in the full year of 2017. These machines could easily be responsible for a total energy consumption of 21 TWh per year. This way, the combined production of 2017 and the first half of 2018 could represent a total consumption of 55 TWh per year. It should be noted that Bitmain is estimated to have a market share of 67%. Hence, if 67% represents 55 TWh, 100% could represent about 82 TWh per year. The latter number even exceeds the energy consumption estimate provided by the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index on June 30 2018 (71 TWh per year).


Of course, the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index is also very much a prediction model for future Bitcoin energy consumption (unlike hashrate-based estimates that have no predictive properties). The model predicts that miners will ultimately spend 60% of their revenues on electricity. At the moment (January 2018), miners are spending a lot less on electricity. On January 25, 2018, the Bitcoin Energy Index was estimating just 22% of miner revenues ($2.2B versus $10.4B) were actually spent on electricity costs. Based on this, the Energy Consumption Index would thus predict a possible energy consumption of around 130 terawatt hours/year (assuming stable revenues). This increase appears to be in line with expected miner production.

With regard to future energy consumption, Morgan Stanley estimates that Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company “has Bitcoin ASIC orders for 15-20K wafer-starts per month for 1Q18”. With each wafer capable of supplying chips for “~27-30 Bitcoin mining rigs”, the total Bitcoin mining pool “could see up to 5-7.5M new rigs added in the next 12 months” if “1Q18 production rates are maintained through 2018”. By the end of 2018, this means that “the Bitcoin network could potentially draw more than 13,500 megawatts/hour (120 terawatt-hours/year)”, or even 16,000 megawatts/hour (140 terawatt-hours/year) based on “90% utilization and 60% direct electricity usage”.

Altogether, it can be concluded that the relatively simple Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index model is supported by both emprical evidence from real-world mining facilities, as well as Bitcoin ASIC miner production forecasts.

Recommended Reading

The Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index is the first real-time estimate of the energy consumed by the Bitcoin network, but certainly not the first. A list of articles that have focussed on this subject in the past are featured below. These articles have served as an inspiration for the Energy Index, and may also serve as a validation of the estimated numbers.

For Announcement

Wholonomics is grounded in Civilization Innovation. This includes technical, scientific, artistic, social and economic innovation.

Wholonomics is building global, decentralized, whole-based Portex Portals..

‘10,000 Portex Activating Visionaries, Wholoships inspired to create an actual new foundation of Civilization.

Wholonomics says Science and Art and Economics of the Whole has to be the Foundation.

Because this is so radical or difficult for the superficial reviewer to grasp, many may discount this shoutout and just move on. Wholonomics is about modeling new spaces of exchange for re-embedding human and life welfare with our intimates, community and earth family.’’

Stage 2.0

  • Wholonomics has 27 unique Portex portals each raising $81,890,000 through 12 Rounds.
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  • 2,700,000,000 multiple token types issued in total.
  • Security Token Offer issues 10,000,000 Utilitokens to each of the 27 portals completing the seed creation of the Utilitokens.
  • Used to prototype the portal’s development.

Wholonomics, Economics of the Whole Launches GifToken Invitation, next phase of tokenomics.

 Wholonomics, Economics of the Whole, with multiple “Wholeness” Platforms, announced  Gift Currents launch.

“Wholonomics, transforming technical innovation by serving social innovation. “

Wholonomics is building vast new global whole-based portals and platforms devoted to the restoration and renewal of wholeness, providing a passage to “transubstantiate” the dead capital of our failed past, organically reversing the destruction of communities and ecosystems, renewing living currents of living systems.

Wholonomics models new spaces of exchange that re-embed human and life welfare with our intimates, community and earth family. Where we can heal the ancient rifts.

‘’We are calling on 10,000 Activated Agents. Portal-Initiating Visionaries.

Wholoship Builders’ inspired to create an actual new foundation for Civilization rooted in Wholonomics, The Arts and Sciences and Economics of the Whole.

Because this is so radical a perspective, one may discount this message glossing over the significance just moving on. But Here, there is something of great value.

Stage 2.0 Security Token Issue.

  • $1,070,000 Security Token Offer funds the portals by issuing 10,000,000 security token backed utilitokens to each of the 27 portals for the purpose of completing the portal prototype. Details are outlined in the Whitepaper.
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Notes on Alternative Exchange Options 

Basic Income

A Basic Income is an income paid to all individuals, without work requirement or means test. People are free (but not obliged) to top it up with income from other sources, eg self-employment or jobs. Over the last two centuries this idea has been independently proposed under a variety of names – Citizen’s Income, Universal Benefit, State Bonus, Social Credit and National Dividend – usually with the aim of remedying social problems such as poverty and unemployment.
Several ways have been suggested to fund a Basic Income. Nobel prize-winning economist James Meade proposed a social dividend funded from the return on publicly owned productive assets. An existing example of a Basic Income funded this way is Alaska’s dividend scheme, which is funded from royalties on Alaska’s vast oil fields. Some economists think that funding should come from redistributive income taxation or a tax on land. These ideas aren’t new – as far back as 1796, Thomas Paine favored a state-provided universal income to compensate for the inequitable division of land, which he saw as belonging to everyone. Of course, technology has led to vast increases in national wealth since Paine’s era, making the idea of a universal income seem all the more affordable.

The Basic Income concept makes good bait to dangle in economic conversations. The uninitiated, taking the bait, will argue that it would remove the incentive to work, and nurture an idle underclass. In fact, compared to the existing welfare system, Basic Income provides a strong financial incentive for creative and productive activity. With Basic Income it’s more financially rewarding to move from unemployment into a job – because you keep your Basic Income payments, whereas you would lose your dole. Many common types of work – eg low-paid casual, part-time or self-employed work – increase your disposable income under a Basic Income scheme, whereas the income from such work is subtracted from your dole under the current system. Many worthwhile activities – adult education, voluntary work, starting a business, etc – are penalized or even criminalized under the current welfare system, because they interfere with the condition of “continuous availability for work.” Most wealth-creating activity begins modestly, perhaps not generating enough for a person to survive on at first. Basic Income nurtures such activity, whereas the welfare system aborts it.

Guaranteed Income

Guaranteed Income is sometimes confused with Basic Income, but the important difference is that it uses a means test. Every individual is guaranteed a minimum income (set above the poverty level) – if your income falls below this level, you automatically get a top-up from the government, but as your personal income increases, the amount of top-up decreases. Guaranteed Income, like Basic Income, is not conditional upon work.

Several variations of Guaranteed Income have been proposed, the most well known being Robert Theobald’s 1964 scheme for “Basic Economic Security”. Theobald was concerned about the effect of technology and increasing automation – he thought it was time to dissolve the traditional link between income and work, since most work would eventually be automated. Theobald’s proposal’s were taken quite seriously by the US administrations under Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon. In fact, Nixon adopted Guaranteed Income proposals as part of his “Family Assistance Plan” bill (which was unfortunately defeated in the Senate).

Negative Income Tax

One variation on Guaranteed Income is the Negative Income Tax, which would provide government top-ups, via the tax system, to those below a certain income level. It should be pointed out to those who see this as a “soft” leftist idea, that Negative Income Tax was proposed by Milton Friedman, whom many regard as being on the right of the economic spectrum. Friedman’s intention was to create a system that costs less than the current welfare system, but which avoids the degrading nature of welfare.

Willingness to Work?

Many so-called “guaranteed minimum income” schemes restrict entitlement, among the unemployed, to those “willing to work” – a condition similar to that of current welfare systems. The Belgian political theorist Philippe Van Parijs argues that when we assess willingness-to-work, we should make the distinction between pointless, dead-end jobs and useful, fulfilling or “stepping stone” jobs – and that the best people to make this distinction are the ones doing the jobs. This is a different approach from most conventional economists, who tend to see all market-created jobs as “good” and “worthwhile”.
Employers can currently exploit the willingness-to-work condition by providing what Van Parijs calls “lousy jobs”, which people are forced to accept. On the other hand, how, without the willingness-to-work condition, do you get people to take jobs which are essentially decent but low-paid? Under a Guaranteed Income scheme there is little financial incentive to take low-paid work, hence the condition. Van Parijs concludes that the best solution would be a Basic Income scheme with no willingness-to-work condition. This would remove the coercion of taking “lousy” jobs, but retain the incentive to take decent low-paid jobs, since even the lowest paid jobs significantly increase one’s disposable income under a Basic Income scheme.

Zero-interest Currency

A different type of non-coercive redistribution of wealth comes from the old Individualist (as opposed to Collectivist) Anarchist approach of allowing free trade to drive down the cost of “borrowing” money. This idea originated with early anarchists such as Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Josiah Warren and Benjamin Tucker.

Free trade is supposed to drive down prices through open competition, but according to Proudhon, Warren and Tucker there is a fundamental flaw in the existing system: a lack of competition in the issuance of currency. The current legally enforced money-issuing monopoly (eg the Bank of England or the Federal Reserve) keeps interest at an artificially high level – if free competition was allowed in the creation and distribution of alternative currencies, the cost of credit could in theory fall to a rate well below 1% (the cost of administering the credit; true interest would be zero). As Benjamin Tucker explains:


“If a thousand men engaged in different lines of business unite to form a bank of issue; and if this bank of issue unites with other similar banks for clearing purposes; and if said bank lends its naturally well-known circulating credit… do these loans of the bank’s credit cost the bank anything beyond the salaries of manager and assistants, rent of building, expenditure for paper and printing, losses by depreciation of securities, and sundry incidentals? Do not statisticians and economists agree that a discount of one-half of one percent covers the expenses referred to?”

When asked why business people would be motivated to issue their own currency at a cost not exceeding running expenses and incidental losses, Tucker responds that in forming a network of such banks, the business people would establish a collective credit with circulating power, enabling them to borrow money at less than one per cent – which, he assures us, would be sufficient motivation.

The beauty of this idea for economic bluffers is that it follows “free market” theory to logical conclusions. It’s a good argument to use on “leave it to the market” types. Get them to acknowledge that a currency monopoly is at odds with free market philosophy, then point out that a genuinely free market, without any monopoly, is the economic recipe for an Individualist Anarchist utopia. With zero-interest credit, housing rent would effectively disappear, because nobody would give money away to landlords if purchasing was cheaper. In fact, the anarchists claim that zero-interest currency would eventually remove all forms of usury, including “profit”, from economic transactions. Adam Smith’s principle of “labour being the true measure of price” would thus come into effect through free competition driving out all usurious components of price. Workers would be fully compensated for their work at last, and not a Marxist or Collectivist in sight.

Alternative Currencies

Although it’s normally illegal, there have been hundreds of attempts to issue alternative currencies. The British government suppressed an attempt to distribute low-interest currency in the American colonies (prior to the revolution) and quashed a similar attempt by Scottish banks – in order to preserve the monopoly of the Bank of England. There are published records of experiments in issuing private currencies by the American Individualist Anarchists (eg True Civilization by Josiah Warren and Mutual Banking by William Greene), and of course there are experiments that we don’t know about because of their secrecy. During the 1930s depression in America, hundreds of alternative local currencies were issued. The government mostly turned a blind eye unless currencies threatened to cross state lines, in which case they put a stop to it. It will be interesting to see how governments react to alternative electronic currencies springing up in cyberspace.

Stamp Scrip

In 1891 an Argentinean businessman and economist named Silvio Gesell went one step further than the Individualist Anarchists by proposing a system of negative interest currency. The most well-known form of this currency was “stamp scrip”, which required a stamp to be affixed to the back of a money note each month, to revalidate it.
Gesell believed that money is fine as a medium of exchange, but that it tends to be used as an instrument of power, capable of dominating and distorting the market. For example, money can be hoarded – temporarily withheld from the market for speculative purposes – without exposing its holder to losses. Real material goods, on the other hand, can’t be hoarded without significant costs – either in the natural deterioration of the goods, or in the cost of storage.

In order to encourage the natural circulation of wealth instead of speculative hoarding, Gesell proposed “rusting bank notes” (a metaphor for negative-interest money), to bring about an “organic reform” of the monetary system. With money behaving more like real material wealth, the distortions in the system caused by hoarding and other forms of usury would be removed. This, he argued, would result in people receiving the full proceeds of their own labour, and would enable large sections of the population to quit wage slavery and work in an autonomous manner in private and co-operative enterprises.

A successful experiment with Gesell’s theories took place in the Austrian town of Wörgl in 1932, during the depression. Wörgl effectively ran out of money, so the mayor of the town printed his own. The resulting currency, Wörgl stamp scrip, was designed to automatically earn negative interest. Each month its holders had to pay a stamp fee of 1% of the value of the note, so people spent the money as fast as possible. This resulted in a huge increase in “real wealth” – new houses, a new water system, repaved streets, a new bridge, a ski jump, etc. But when hundreds of other Austrian towns came up with plans to copy the successful Wörgl scheme, the central bank panicked because of the threat to its monopoly, and it soon became illegal to issue alternative currency in Austria.

The Digital Economy

Apart from the possibility of alternative electronic currencies, the “digital economy” hasn’t delivered much of revolutionary economic impact. In fact, the bluffer’s best response to enthusiastic e-commerce disciples is a scathing put-down. In most cases, their “digital economy” propaganda is standard Reaganite or Thatcherite economics disguised by techno-gibberish.

A few historical facts and figures will help to justify the bluffer’s cynicism towards the digital economy. The first electronic money-trading system was opened by Reuters in 1973, shortly after the dismantling of the gold standard and the Bretton Woods system (which regulated international currencies). From earliest records up until then, 90% of capital transactions had involved the “real economy”, ie trade and investment, with only 10% being speculation. By 1995 a staggering reversal had taken place – trade and investment accounted for only 5% of capital transfers, with 95% being short-term speculation.

Electronic trading networks have developed a virtual economy in which most of the money is made not through actual investment, but through transacting in a sort of abstract wealth. For example, huge profits can be made from a rumour about an indirect effect of a future transaction – but the future transaction doesn’t necessarily have to happen for the profits to be made. By far the biggest profits come from currency speculation, conjured up by supercomputers which transact fast enough to exploit microfluctuations in exchange rates.

Very little of this virtual-economy profiteering produces anything of value in the sense of “real wealth” – ie things of real value to human lives. Short-term financial speculation tends to create economies of high profit, low investment, low growth and low wages – in other words, it’s detrimental to the lives of most people. We have some strange notions about the respectability of certain types of income. When poor people receive modest welfare payments without producing anything of value, they’re labeled as “spongers”, but when speculators bleed vast sums from the digital economy, without producing anything of value, we congratulate them on their skill.

The Tobin Tax

James Tobin, a Nobel laureate economist, foresaw the detrimental effects of escalating currency speculation during the 1970s. He proposed a small tax on foreign currency transactions that would put “sand in the wheels” of international speculative finance, and thus help to prevent instability in the global financial system.

One big advantage of the Tobin Tax is the amount of revenue it would generate. Currency speculators trade over $1.8 trillion dollars each day across borders. With the tax set at the very low proposed rate of 0.1 to 0.25 percent, an estimated $100 – $300 billion per year would be generated, depending on the formula used. Supporters of the Tobin Tax say this revenue should be used to tackle world social and environmental problems. And it’s interesting to note that the UN and World Bank estimated in 1997 that the cost of removing the worst forms of poverty and providing basic environmental protection would be about $225 billion per year.

Faking Economic Authority

Most alternative economic ideas – even those as benign and sensible as the Tobin Tax – have been floating around for decades without being implemented. As a result, bluffers are likely to be exposed to arguments such as: “if it’s such a great idea, why hasn’t it already happened?” It’s important to realize that the people making these objections are never convinced by logical reasoning. Only the endorsement by a conventional authority will convince them. A good ploy, therefore, is to quote foreign authorities – European countries in particular seem more open to new economic ideas. For example, the French, Belgian and Canadian parliaments have already voted in favor of a Tobin Tax; the Irish government has seriously considered a Basic Income scheme, etc. Or, you can quote intellectual authorities. For example, Silvio Gesell’s concept of negative-interest money was supported by John Maynard Keynes, who said: “I believe that the future will learn more from the spirit of Gesell than from that of Marx”. With a little ingenuity it’s possible to link a Nobel economist to any economic theory.

If you have no authorities to quote, you can always base your argument on compassion. For example, if a Guaranteed Income costs less than welfare and humiliates recipients less than welfare, who, other than a total sadist, would not want to consider such a scheme? If zero-interest currency provides higher wages for workers, why not seriously think about it?

If the Tobin Tax can, quite literally, save millions of lives, who would be so inhuman as to complain about the minor impracticality of the idea?